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Using cover crop to control Lobesia botrana in organic vineyards

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Ranca, Aurora-Maria; Artem, Victoria; Petrescu, Anamaria; Fragnière, Anne-Laure and Kehrli, Patrik (2020) Using cover crop to control Lobesia botrana in organic vineyards. Poster at: 55 Croatian & 15 International Symposium on Agriculture, Vodice, Croatia, 16-21 February 2020.

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Summary

This paper presents a part of the obtained results in the Project BIOVINE, funded by the H2020 program ERA-net, ORGANIC CORE co-fund and the European Commission co-fund, achieved by the two stated research institutes. In one section of the BIOVINE project, we aim to develop new viticultural systems based on increased plant diversity within vineyards intending to plant cover crops species with repulsiv or or insecticide effect for the control of arthorpod pest Lobesia botrana. Lobesia botrana is a major pest in European vineyards that can cause an economic damage of a quantitative reduction of the harvest in spring due to the consumption of inflorescences and the infestation of berries over the summer, which enhances the risk of the development of pathogens such as Botrytis cinerea that decreases considerably the quality of processed wines. An extensive systematic literature search was performed to identify plant species suitable for repelling Lobesia botrana, and for conserving and promoting beneficials. SCV
identified Allium sativum, Armoracia rusticana, Artemisia absinthium, Lavandula angustifolia, Tagetes sp. and Tanacetum cinerariifolium as potential candidates to repel L. botrana from grapes. In autumn 2018, SCV prepared extracts of these plant species and provided them to Agroscope. Over the winter, Agroscope tested the efficacy of these plant extracts in laboratory settings. The tested extracts had neither a strong effect on the survival of L. botrana larvae, nor did they repel larvae from feeding.
However, Allium sativum, Artemisia absinthium, Lavandula angustifolia, Tagetes sp. and Tanacetum cinerariifolium repelled L. botrana females from egg laying. Considering the results obtained by Agroscope, plant extracts from Artemisia absinthium, Tagetes sp. and Allium sativum were prepared
and tested by SCV in 2019. In an experimental vineyard in Murfatlar (Romania), the three extracts were applied either on their own or in a mixture of all three together at the ripening phase (BBCH 83- 85). Pheromone traps were used to observe the impact on the adult pest population of L. botrana and observations were made on the bunches in order to calculate infestation level. Treatments in which the
Artemisia absinthium extract was applied on its own or in the mixture recorded the smallest number of adults. Moreover, only 0.25% of grapes where infested by L. botrana in the mixture treatment, whereas 3.8% of grapes were attacked in the treatment with the Tagetes sp extract. We therefore conclude that the mixture of Artemisia absinthium, Tagetes sp. and Allium sativum might have an interesting potential to protect vines against by L. botrana infestation.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Keywords:biodiversity, pest, biological control, plant extracts
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries > Viticulture
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic Cofund > BioVine
Deposited By: Rossi, Prof Vittorio
ID Code:37777
Deposited On:24 Mar 2020 09:11
Last Modified:24 Mar 2020 09:11
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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