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Cultivation in rows – cereals with catch crops

{Tool} Cultivation in rows – cereals with catch crops. [Rækkedyrkning – Korn med efterafgrøde.] Creator(s): Petersen, Maja Eline and Bertelsen, Inger. Issuing Organisation(s): SEGES Økologi Innovation, Aarhus University, Copenhagen University, AgroIntelli, Økologisk VKST, Barritskov Land- og Skovbrug. ROWCROP – Højere udbytter med rækkedyrkning og efterafgrøder. (2018)

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Online at: https://www.landbrugsinfo.dk/Oekologi/Planteavl/Sider/oe_18_3811_faktaark-om-raekkedyrkningssystem.aspx

Summary

The biggest challenge for achieving higher and more stable yields in organic plant breeding is linked to adequate nitrogen supply and the management of aggressive weeds.
The RowCrop project has developed a row cultivation system with cereals and catch crops that enable weed control in rows of both crops. The cultivation system is composed of three elements:
1. Weed control in the rows of grain sown at 25 cm row spacing
2. Establishment of nitrogen fixing crops in between
the rows at the last weed control
3. Weed control in the crop rows after harvest, in order to control perennial weeds.
Weed control in the row in the main crop gives increased yield when:
• The yield potential in the field is high
• Weed pressure is high
• Weed control in the row is done in on time
Successful weed control in the stubble requires:
• Dry weather during and after weed control in the row
• Precise control of the weed control implement
• Catch crops that are getting started well
• Limited amount of straw and stubble residue

Summary translation

Den største udfordring for at opnå højere og mere stabile udbytter i økologisk planteavl er knyttet til tilstrækkelig kvælstofforsyning og bekæmpelse af aggressivt ukrudt. RowCrop-systemet er et godt bud på at løse disse udfordringer.
Projektet RowCrop har udviklet et rækkedyrkningssystem med korn og efterafgrøder, som muliggør radrensning i begge afgrøder. Dyrkningssystemet er sammensat af tre elementer:
1. Radrensning af korn sået på 25 cm rækkeafstand
2. Etablering af kvælstoffikserende efterafgrøder i mellem rækkerne ved sidste radrensning
3. Radrensning i efterafgrøden efter høst, så rodukrudt bekæmpes
Radrensning i hovedafgrøden giver et merudbytte, når:
• Udbyttepotentialet i marken er stort
• Ukrudtstrykket er højt
• Radrensninger gennemføres rettidigt
Vellykket stubradrensning forudsætter:
• Tørt vejr under og efter radrensning
• Præcis styring af radrenseren
• Efterafgrøder som kommer godt i gang
• Begrænset mængde af halm- og stubrester

EPrint Type:Practice tool
Teaser:Higher yields in arable cropping with row cultivation and catch crops
What problem does the tool address?:How to get higher and more stable yields in organic arable farming. Control of aggressive weeds
What solution does the tool offer?:A row cropping system with cereals and catch crops where row cultivation can be carried out in both crops.
Country:Denmark
Type of Practice Tool:Leaflets & guidelines
Theme:Soil quality and fertility, Weed management
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
Englisharable farminghttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_36528
Englishannual weedshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_459
Englishcatch cropshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_29684
Englishcereal cropshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_25512
Englishcover plantshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1936
Englishcropping systemshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1971
Englishcrop managementhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_16094
Englishcrop yieldhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_10176
Englishmechanical weed controlhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_24200
Englishperennial weedshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5697
Englishweed controlhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8345
Subjects: Soil
Crop husbandry > Weed management
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net Arable
Related Links:http://icrofs.dk/en/research/danish-research/organic-rdd-2/rowcrop/
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Rasmussen, Ilse Ankjær
ID Code:36818
Deposited On:19 Nov 2019 14:18
Last Modified:08 Jan 2020 14:13
Document Language:Danish/Dansk
Status:Published

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