home    about    browse    search    latest    help 
Login | Create Account

Using vegetation indices in autumn to estimate nitrate leaching during autumn and winter in different cropping systems

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics



Zhao, Jin; De Notaris, Chiara and Olesen, Jørgen E. (2019) Using vegetation indices in autumn to estimate nitrate leaching during autumn and winter in different cropping systems. European Journal of Agronomy, X, X-X. [draft]

[img] PDF - Draft Version - English
Limited to [Depositor and staff only]

841kB

Summary

Nitrate leaching losses from arable cropping systems cause severe damages to the environmental services worldwide. There is a considerable need for methods that allow rapid, easy and area covering detection of nitrate leaching to guide N management. We used three years of data from the 5th cycle of a long-term crop rotation experiment in Denmark to quantify the relationships between nitrate leaching in autumn and winter and field conditions in autumn as defined by three vegetation indices [VIs; Ratio Vegetation Index (RVI), Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Ratio Red Edge (RRE)] in autumn. Following cereal crops, catch crops significantly reduced nitrate leaching in autumn and winter, whereas this was only the case for one out of the three years after faba bean. In autumn and winter, a negative relationship was found between nitrate leaching and cover crop biomass or cover crop above ground N, and the thresholds for were ~2 Mg DM ha-1 and 60 kg N ha-1 for aboveground cover crop biomass, above which nitrate leaching was low and stable. However, a significant positive linear relationship was found between nitrate leaching and soil nitrate concentration in autumn and winter with a slope of 3.98 kg N ha-1 per mg L-1 of nitrate-N in the soil. Although all three VIs showed significant negative relationships with nitrate leaching during autumn and winter, the sensitivities of RVI and NDVI to estimate nitrate leaching were lost sharply when nitrate leaching exceeded 100 kg N/ha and 50 kg N/ha, while RRE exhibited consistent low noise equivalent values for the nitrate leaching in autumn and winter. These results provide evidence for the scope for assessing risk of N leaching from agricultural soils based on newly launched satellite remote sensing platforms with red edge bands. To maximize the application of these technologies it will be necessary to combine remote sensing with information on cropping systems and biophysical conditions.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:nitrate leaching, catch crop, vegetation index
Subjects: Soil > Nutrient turnover
Environmental aspects > Air and water emissions
Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
Research affiliation: Denmark > Organic RDD 2 > RowCrop
Deposited By: Olesen, Senior scientist Jørgen E.
ID Code:35137
Deposited On:16 Apr 2019 08:45
Last Modified:16 Apr 2019 08:45
Document Language:English
Status:Unpublished
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

Repository Staff Only: item control page