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Chicory Grows Roots Below 3 m Is That Beneficial under Water Stress?

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Rasmussen, Camilla Ruø; Dresbøll, Dorte Bodin and Thorup-Kristensen, Kristian (2018) Chicory Grows Roots Below 3 m Is That Beneficial under Water Stress? Poster at: ISRR 2018, Jerusalem, Israel, 8-12/7-2018.

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Summary

Introduction
Water scarcity is a major limitation to crop production worldwide. Deep-rooted crops can potentially allow exploitation of water that more shallow rooted crops cannot access. Several agricultural crops grow roots of several meters depth within a growing season, and thereby get access to water originating from wet season surplus precipitation stored in the soil. The aim of this study was to test the hypotheses 1) that chicory roots can grow below 3 m within a growing season and 2) that chicory shifts its water uptake downwards when the top soil dries out.
Materials and Methods
Chicory (Cichorium intybus L. cv Chicoree Zoom F1) was grown in 4 m tall rhizotrons in monoculture under dry or wet conditions and intercropped with either ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) or black medic (Medicago lupulina cv Virgo Pajbjerg). Rhizotrons were placed outside and the growing medium was field soil. Rainout shelters and irrigation allowed controlled water supply, and water content sensors in three depths continuously logged soil water content. Depth controlled injection of 2H-enriched water was used to trace species-specific water uptake from 2.3 m. The experiment was repeated in two consecutive years.
Results and discussion
Chicory roots were observed below 3 m in July both years, which was 2 and 5 months after transplanting in the two years respectively. Root growth below 2 m was limited throughout the season both years and still the tracer studies showed significant tracer uptake by chicory from 2.3 m. Black medic and ryegrass, which are known to be shallow rooted, did not take up 2H-enriched water tracer from 2.3 m. A significant water uptake from the lower part of the root zone, was observed, but water uptake did not seem to shift downwards as the top soil was drying out.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Irrigation and drainage
Research affiliation: Denmark > Private funders/foundations > Deep Frontier
Deposited By: Dresbøll, Dorte Bodin
ID Code:34370
Deposited On:29 Mar 2019 14:14
Last Modified:29 Mar 2019 14:14
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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