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Perennial leys for dairy cows: soil and plant attributes, yield and botanical composition with long-term low and high N input

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Rittl, Tatiana and Løes, Anne-Kristin (2019) Perennial leys for dairy cows: soil and plant attributes, yield and botanical composition with long-term low and high N input. In: Comparing organic and conventional agricultural cropping systems: what can be learned from the DOK and other long-term trials? Congressi Stefano Franscini, Monte Verità, Ascona, Switzerland, 6-10 October, 2019. Program and abstract book., ETH, Agroscope, FiBL, Switzerland, p. 80.

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Online at: https://orgprints.org/36863/

Summary

Soil chemical properties, plant nutrient concentrations, yields and botanical composition were studied in a high (mimicking conventional) and low nitrogen (N) input (mimicking self-sufficient organic) farming system over 7 years in a field experiment in Tingvoll, Norway. We compared digested and undigested manure from organically managed dairy cows with two application rates, 110 and 220 kg total N ha-1 yr-1. All, treatments and control, were cultivated with perennial grass-clover ley, re-established once during the study period. In this paper, treatments with high N input are combined to represent conventional farming systems, while low N input treatments represent organic farming systems. After 7 years, AL-extractable phosphorous (P) and potassium (K) concentrations in soil were significantly (p=0.002) higher in the "conventional" treatments than in the "organic" treatments. Despite the double amount of manure, cumulative ley yield (2011-18) was only 17% higher (p<0.001) in the conventional treatment. In 2018, concentration of P in the aboveground plant material was significantly higher in all fertilised treatments than in the control (p=0.041), and significantly higher in the conventional than in the organic treatment (p<0.001). N use efficiency (NUE% = N removed (in ley yields) / N applied (manure) x 100)ranged from 102-163% for the organic treatment, suggesting that more N was removed by ley yields than it was applied with manure. This N may derive from soil or biological N fixation. The conventional treatment had a NUE between 59 and 96%. Low NUE% indicates excessive use of fertiliser that may cause environmental pollution. Botanical composition of the grass-clover ley (2015) was affected by N application rates, with significantly less clover (p=0.008) and more grass (p=0.003) in the high N input treatments. Overall, our findings indicate that in the long-term high N input farming systems do not necessary translate in significant gains of ley yield production when comparing to low N input systems. NUE and clover content of the ley will be reduced with higher N input.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Keywords:SoilEffects, botanical composition of ley, clover, perennial ley, anaerobic digestion, animal manure, Norway, nitrogen use efficiency, NUE, soil P
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Composting and manuring
Soil > Nutrient turnover
Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
Research affiliation: Norway > NORSØK - Norwegian Centre for Organic Agriculture
Related Links:https://orgprints.org/36863/, https://www.norsok.no/en/projects/2015/effects-of-anaerobically-digested-manure-on-soil-fertility-the-field-experiment-soileffects
Deposited By: Løes, Anne-Kristin
ID Code:20449
Deposited On:05 Mar 2020 10:18
Last Modified:05 Mar 2020 10:18
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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