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Biomass production and feeding value of whole-crop cereal-legume silages

Nykänen, A.; Jauhiainen, L. and Rinne, M. (2009) Biomass production and feeding value of whole-crop cereal-legume silages. In: Agronomy Research, 7 (Special issue II), Agronomy Research, pp. 684-690.

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Online at: http://www.eau.ee/~agronomy/


In eastern Finland, 12 mixtures of spring wheat, spring barley, spring oats and/or rye with vetches and/or peas were evaluated in field experiments from 2005 to 2007 for their dry matter(DM) production, crude protein (CP) concentration and digestibility using three different harvesting times. Spring wheat-pea and spring wheat-vetch-rye mixtures produced the highest DM yields (5,000-6,000 kg/ha) while the lowest yields were found with spring oats-vetch (4,000 kg/ha DM). The highest CP concentrations were found in vetches (200 g/kg DM) and lowest in spring cereals (90-120 g/kg DM). Organic matter digestibility was highest in peas 700-750 g/kg) and lowest in spring rye and wheat (550-610 g/kg). It is suggested that decisions concerning when to harvest legume-cereal mixtures for forage could be based on the maturity stage of the cereal, because changes in digestibility and CP concentration are slow in legumes during the potential harvesting period.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:barley, dry matter yield, forage digestibility, oats, pea, rye, vetch, wheat
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Research affiliation: Finland > Luke Natural Resources Institute
Deposited By: Koistinen, Riitta
ID Code:16427
Deposited On:28 Oct 2009 13:31
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:41
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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