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Biodiversity as a prerequisite of sustainable organic farming

Pfiffner, Lukas and Armengot, Laura (2018) Biodiversity as a prerequisite of sustainable organic farming. In: Köpke, Prof. Ulrich (Ed.) Improving organic crop production. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing, Cambridge, UK, chapter 16, x-x.

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Summary

Over the last century, the intensification of agriculture with high inputs of synthetic pesticides and fertilisers combined with monocrop specialisation has been detrimental to the diversity of genetic resources of crop varieties and livestock breeds, to the wild flora and fauna species and to the diversity of ecosystems. Higher levels of biodiversity can strengthen farming systems and its resilience under changing environmental conditions. This chapter gives an overview of the impact of organic farming on biodiversity. The chapter considers land-use intensity, the impact of organic farming on biodiversity, biodiversity at different spatial scales and the impact of organic farming on selected functional groups. Finally, the chapter discusses some examples of the application of functional agro-biodiversity to boost key ecosystem services on organic farms, and looks ahead to future research trends in this area.


EPrint Type:Book chapter
Keywords:biodiversity, crop varieties, leivestock breeds, impact of organic farming, fontional agro-biodiversity
Subjects: Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > International Cooperation
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Plant Protection and Biodiversity
ISBN:978 1 78676 184 2
Related Links:https://shop.bdspublishing.com/store/bds/detail/product/3-190-9781786761842-018
Deposited By: Pfiffner, Dr. Lukas
ID Code:34334
Deposited On:21 Jan 2019 13:33
Last Modified:21 Jan 2019 13:34
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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