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Exploit biodiversity in viticultural systems to reduce pest damage and pesticide use, and increase ecosystems services provision

{Project} BIOVINE: Exploit biodiversity in viticultural systems to reduce pest damage and pesticide use, and increase ecosystems services provision. Runs 2018 - 2021. Project Leader(s): Rossi, Prof. Vittorio, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore .

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Online at: https://www.biovine.eu/

Summary

Organic vineyards still rely on large external inputs to control harmful organisms (i.e., pests). BIOVINE will develop natural solutions based on plant diversity to control pests and reduce pesticide dependence.
The capability of plants of increasing the ecosystem resistance to pests and invasive species is a well known ecosystem service. However, monocultures (including vineyards) do not exploit the potential of plant diversity. BIOVINE aims to develop new viticultural systems based on increased plant diversity within (eg, cover crops) and/or around (e.g., hedges, vegetation spots, edgings) vineyards by planting selected plant species for the control of arthropods, soil-borne pests (oomycetes, fungi, nematodes), and foliar pathogens. Candidate plants will be identified by literature review, and the selected ones will be tested in controlled environment or small-scale experiments. The ability of the selected plants to: i) attract or repel target arthropod pests; ii) conserve/promote beneficials; iii) control soil-borne pests by mean of biofumigation; iv) carry mycorrhizal fungi to vine root system to increase plant health (growth and resistance); v) control foliar pathogens by reducing the inoculum spread from soil, will be investigated. New viticultural systems able to exploit plant diversity will then be designed based on results of BIOVINE activities, following a design-assessment-adjustment cycle, which will then be tested by in-vineyard experiments in France, Italy, Romania, Spain and Switzerland for a 2-year period.
Innovative viticultural systems should represent an improved way for pest control in organic viticulture, meanwhile they should positively affect functional biodiversity and ecosystem services. New control strategies may provide financial opportunities to vinegrowers and lower their reliance on pesticides.


EPrint Type:Project description
Location:Piacenza, Italy
Keywords:cover crops; arthropod and fungal pests; functional biodiversity; ecosystem services; mycorrhizal fungi
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries > Viticulture
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic Cofund > BioVine
European Union > CORE Organic Cofund
Research funders: European Union > CORE Organic Cofund
Related Links:http://projects.au.dk/coreorganiccofund/research-projects/biovine/
Acronym:BIOVINE
Project ID:1918
Start Date:1 March 2018
End Date:28 February 2021
Deposited By: Rossi, Prof Vittorio
ID Code:33121
Deposited On:22 Nov 2018 13:55
Last Modified:22 Nov 2018 13:55

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