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Implications of changes in seasonal mean temperature for agricultural production systems: three case studies

Calanca, P.; Spirig, C.; Stoeckli, S.; Samietz, J.; Holzkämper, A. and Hirschi, M. (2014) Implications of changes in seasonal mean temperature for agricultural production systems: three case studies. In: CH2014-Impacts (Ed.) Toward Quantitative Scenarios of Climate Change Impacts in Switzerland. OCCR, FOEN, MeteoSwiss, C2SM, Agroscope and ProClim, Bern, Switzerland, chapter 9, pp. 91-97.

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Summary

- The performance of dairy cows will suffer from elevated temperatures, reflecting the extent and uncertainty of projected warming in different scenarios, with a marked increase in heat stress for non-intervention scenarios (A1B and A2) toward the end of the century. This calls for the adoption of protective measures in the management of indoor and outdoor animal environments.
- A substantial risk of a prolonged pest control season for the codling moth (an apple pest) is projected toward the end of the century for Northern Switzerland sites, and mid-century for the Ticino. Timely preventive programs are anticipated to represent a key ingredient of adaptation to changing risks from agricultural pests.
- Results suggest that in the near future viticulture could benefit from increasing temperatures as a wider range of grape varieties could be grown. Toward the end of the century negative impacts from extreme temperatures are nevertheless expected to become important.


EPrint Type:Report chapter
Keywords:heat stress in cattle, pest phenology, wine production, climate change
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems > Dairy cattle
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Environmental aspects
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Sustainability > Climate Change
ISBN:978-3-033-04406-7
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:25471
Deposited On:22 Mar 2014 16:15
Last Modified:22 Mar 2014 16:15
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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