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Measurement methods on pastures and their use in environmental life-cycle assessment

Ohm, Magdalena; Schüler, Maximilian; Paulsen, Hans Marten; Warnecke, Sylvia and Rahmann, Gerold (2014) Measurement methods on pastures and their use in environmental life-cycle assessment. In: Rahmann, G. and Aksoy, U. (Eds.) Building Organic Bridges, Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut, Braunschweig, Germany, 2, Thuenen Report, no. 20, pp. 419-422.

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Summary

Grassland is an important and energy extensive feed source for livestock and good pasture management is required to maintain its productivity. Due to the selective grazing behavior of dairy cows and site and management related sward variability it is difficult to estimate pasture yield or pasture intake. A proper estimation of feed intake of animals on grassland enables the farmer to appropriately manage his pastures. Measurements of the variable feed offer at pasture plots with a rising plate meter are relatively quick. They offer a data basis to improve grazing and pasture management. These data are also used to describe material flows from grassland. On the explored pasture plots high differences in the dry matter intake of the cows were found. Optimizing pasture yields, e. g. by sward improvements and grazing management, offers chances to reduce environmental burdens of milk production. Environmental impacts of an improved grazing management based on the whole farm process are calculated with the flow model FARM that is designed to conduct life cycle assessments (LCA) of farm products. Every kg DM grass silage that is substituted by grazing intake reduces the global warming potential of milk production. Site specific potential was 1.5 % per kg ECM. Further reductions by improving feeding management and food quality are anticipated.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
EnglishLife cycle assessment (LCA)UNSPECIFIED
Englishgrasslandshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3366
Englishmethodshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4788
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Environmental aspects > Air and water emissions
Research affiliation: Germany > Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries - VTI > Institute of Organic Farming - OEL
International Conferences > 2014: 18th IFOAM OWC Scientific Track: 4th ISOFAR Scientific Conference
ISBN:978-3-86576-128-6
DOI:10.3220/REP_20_1_2014
Deposited By: Ohm, Magdalena
ID Code:23884
Deposited On:29 Oct 2014 10:38
Last Modified:29 Oct 2014 10:38
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:urn:nbn:de:gbv:253-201407-dn053621-1

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