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BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN OLD AND NEW TECHNOLOGY: CONSIDERATION OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE IN MAIZE PESTS MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN NIGERIA

Meludu, Nkiru T. and Adesina, Jimoh B. (2014) BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN OLD AND NEW TECHNOLOGY: CONSIDERATION OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE IN MAIZE PESTS MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN NIGERIA. In: Rahmann, G. and Aksoy, U. (Eds.) Building Organic Bridges, Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut, Braunschweig, Germany, 3, Thuenen Report, no. 20, pp. 851-854.

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Summary

Conventional pests management practices are carried out mainly through extensive exposure to chemicals (pesticides) used in agricultural production. The overall ailing effects of these chemical based products to the environment and human health are some of the challenges which appeal to look for alternative farming practices that would minimize the use of pesticides in agricultural production. It is against this background that this study was carried out to determine the perception of the effectiveness of indigenous and organic maize pest management practices among maize farmers in Oyo state in order to bridge the gap between the old and new technology and determine the relationship that will enhance the development of ecological organic agriculture (EAO). A well structured interview schedule was used to solicit for information from the 150 respondents using a systematic sampling technique. Frequency, percentage, Chi-square and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) were used to describe and analyze the data generated. The farmers’ level of awareness on indigenous and organic maize pests management practices was high at (58%) level and the respondents level of utilization was also high at (61.3%) level, with a favourable perception about the effectiveness of indigenous and organic maize pests management practices and some of these practices are; cultural practices through the use of hoes and cutlasses, the use of traps, practice of bush fallow, early planting, crop rotation, mixed cropping system and biological pest control. Furthermore, Pearson Product Moment Correlation(PPMC) results showed that there is no significant relationship between some selected socio- economic characteristics age (r =0.091, p=0.270), year of formal education (r =0.010, p=0.903), farming experience ( r =0.128, p =0.120), family size (r =0.072, p=0.380), average income per month (r =0.056, p= 0.499) and the perception of the effectiveness of indigenous and organic maize pest management practices in the study area. The results of the study revealed that farmers’ level of awareness and utilization of indigenous and organic maize pest management practices was high and this is good for sustainable development EOA. The farmers perceive indigenous knowledge and organic system to mean the same and better option for against conventional farming system. Improvement of information on indigenous best practices to merge with EOA system for maize pest management through adequate extension services is eminent to enhance sustainable health of food and farmers.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:Ecology, Indigenous Knowledge, Organic Food, Agriculture
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
Englishecologyhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2467
EnglishIndigenous knowledgehttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_35704
EnglishOrganic foodshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_29261
EnglishSustainable agriculturehttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_33561
Subjects:"Organics" in general
Farming Systems
Knowledge management > Education, extension and communication > Technology transfer
Values, standards and certification > Consumer issues
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2014: 18th IFOAM OWC Scientific Track: 4th ISOFAR Scientific Conference
International Organizations > International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements IFOAM
International Organizations > International Society of Organic Agriculture Research ISOFAR
Nigeria
ISSN:978-3-86576-128-6
ISBN:978-3-86576-128-6
DOI:10.3220/REP_20_1_2014
Deposited By: Meludu, Prof Nkiru T
ID Code:23136
Deposited On:16 Oct 2014 07:56
Last Modified:16 Oct 2014 07:56
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:urn:nbn:de:gbv:253-201407-dn053621-1

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