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The organic seed regulations framework in Europe – current status and recommendations for future development

Döring, Thomas F.; Bocci, Riccardo; Hitchings, Roger; Howlett, S. A.; Lammerts van Bueren, E.T.; Pautasso, Marco; Raaijmakers, M; Rey, F; Stubsgaard, Anke; Weinhappel, M.; Wilbois, Klaus-Peter; Winkler, Louisa and Wolfe, M S (2012) The organic seed regulations framework in Europe – current status and recommendations for future development. Organic Agriculture, xx, xx-xx. [In Press]

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Online at: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13165-012-0034-7

Summary

Organic agriculture regulations, in particular European regulation EC 889/2008, prescribe the use of organically produced seed. For many cultivated plants, however, organic seed is often not available. This is mainly because investment in organic plant breeding and seed production has been low in the past. To bridge the gap between organic seed supply and demand, national and European regulations define certain circumstances under which organic producers are permitted to use non-organically produced seed. While the organic sector currently depends on these concessions, they also threaten to impede a further increase in the demand for organic seed, thereby potentially restraining present and future investment in organic seed production and plant breeding. We review the current status of the organic seed regulations framework by analysing key issues such as the role of the national derogation regimes, the role of expert groups, databases and seed prices. Key points are that (a) the situation of the organic seed sector has improved over the last few years; however, (b) reporting on organic seed to the EU by different countries needs to be harmonised; (c) the success of the organic seed sector depends critically on the implementation and improvement of national expert groups; and (d) to protect genetic diversity, the use of local varieties and landraces should not be impeded by organic seed regulations.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:breeding, seed, organic, regulation, Europe
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Research affiliation: Austria > AGES GmBH
Netherlands > Louis Bolk Institute
Germany > FiBL Germany - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture
France > ITAB - Institut Technique en Agriculture Biologique
Italy
UK > Organic Research Centre (ORC) - Elm Farm
Denmark > Other organizations
ISSN:1879-4238
DOI:10.1007/s13165 -012-0034-7
Deposited By: Döring, Dr Thomas F.
ID Code:21904
Deposited On:03 Dec 2012 22:02
Last Modified:03 Dec 2012 22:02
Document Language:English
Status:In Press
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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