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Influence of different cultivation methods on carbohydrate and lipid compositions and digestibility of energy of fruits and vegetables

Jørgensen, Henry; Knudsen, Knud Erik Bach and Lauridsen, Charlotte (2012) Influence of different cultivation methods on carbohydrate and lipid compositions and digestibility of energy of fruits and vegetables. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, ( ), - .

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Online at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jsfa.5755/abstract

Summary

BACKGROUND
Environmental as well as cultivation factors may greatly influence the chemical composition of plants. The main factors affecting the chemical composition of foodstuff are level and type of fertilizer (conventional and organic cultivation systems), location or soil type, and year of harvest. Organic foods are defined as products that are produced under controlled cultivation conditions characterized by the absence of synthetic fertilisers and very restricted use of pesticides. Very limited information is available regarding the impact of organic cultivation systems on the composition of carbohydrates and fatty acids of fruits and vegetables. The objective was to investigate the influence of organic and conventional cultivation systems on the carbohydrate and fatty acid composition and digestibility of the energy of apple, carrot, kale, pea, potato, andrapeseedoil.
RESULTS
Carbohydrate and lignin values ranged from 584 g kg−1 dry matter in kale to 910 g kg−1 DM in potato, but with significant differences in the proportion of sugars, starch, non-starch polysaccharides, and lignin between the food stuffs. Triacylglycerol was the major lipid class in pea, with 82% of total fatty acids, as opposed to apple, with only 35% of fatty acids of the ether extract. The most important factor influence in the digestibility of energy, and consequently faecal bulking, was the content of dietary fibre.
CONCLUSION
The cultivation system had minor impact on the carbohydrate and lipid composition in the investigated foodstuffs or on the digestibility of energy when assessed in the ratmodel. Faecal bulking was related to dietary fibre in a linear fashion.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Subjects: Food systems > Food security, food quality and human health
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic > QACCP
DOI:DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.5755
Deposited By: Administrator, Orgprints
ID Code:21101
Deposited On:24 Jul 2012 12:56
Last Modified:24 Jul 2012 12:56
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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