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Microbial biomass, microbial diversity, soil carbon storage, and stability after incubation of soil from grass–clover pastures of different age

Müller-Stöver, Dorette; Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik; Eriksen, Jørgen; Ambus, Per and Johansen, Anders (2012) Microbial biomass, microbial diversity, soil carbon storage, and stability after incubation of soil from grass–clover pastures of different age. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 48, 371- 383.

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Summary

A laboratory incubation study with clover grass pasture soils of seven different ages (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 16 production years) was carried out to determine initial soil carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) stocks and potentials for greenhouse gas emissions (N2O and CO2). Compared with the soil from the recently established pasture, an increase of total soil C and N was observed along with pasture age. Greenhouse gas emissions were low and not significantly different among the soils from younger pastures (0–5 years), but especially N2O emissions increased markedly in the soil from 16-year-old grass–clover. Low emissions might mainly be due to an early C limitation occurring in the soils from younger pastures, which was also corroborated by
decreasing levels of cold water-extractable C and early shifts within the microbial community. However, higher emissions from the old pasture soil were offset by its increase in total soil C. A longer ley phase without soil
disturbance may therefore be beneficial in terms of overall C sequestration in systems with temporary grass–clover swards.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Subjects:"Organics" in general
Crop husbandry > Composting and manuring
Food systems > Recycling, balancing and resource management
Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF III (2005-2010) > BIOCONCENS - Biomass and bio-energy production in organic agriculture
DOI:10.1007/s00374-011-0633-6
Deposited By: Hauggaard-Nielsen, Senior scientist Henrik
ID Code:20915
Deposited On:13 Jun 2012 06:44
Last Modified:13 Jun 2012 06:44
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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