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New challenges to improve organic bread wheat production in Europe

David, Christophe; Celette, Florian; Abecassis, Joël; Carcea, Marina; Friedel, Jürgen K.; Corre-Hellou, Guénaëlle; Hiltbrunner, Jürg; Messmer, Monika; Peigne, Joséphine; Samson, Marie-Françoise; Schweinzer, Agnes; Thomsen, I.K. and Thommen, Andreas (2011) New challenges to improve organic bread wheat production in Europe. Lecture at: 3rd ISOFAR Scientific Conference, Gyeonggi Paldang, South Korea, September 26-October 5 2011. [In Press]

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Summary

The total organic area in the EU-27 had an annual average growth rate of nearly 15% from 1998 to 2006 with winter wheat being the most important cereal crop. Wheat yield in organic farming is around 30% to 70% of yield of conventional farming but higher premia for organic wheat may to some extent compensate for this. Bread wheat is grown in a variety of crop rotations and farming systems and four basic organic crop production systems have been defined. Nitrogen deficiency and weed infestation are considered to be the most serious threat in organic wheat production. Organic wheat producers will have to fulfil the technological needs of bakers although the requirements differ widely from small artisan bakers to large enterprises handling the organic bread processing. To maintain and expand organic wheat production, there is a need to control weed population, manage nitrogen nutrition and maintain crop diversity in the cropping system. In order to obtain a share in the premium price of organic wheat products, farmers may involve in further processing and marketing.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Lecture
Keywords:Plantbreeding, Pflanzenzüchtung
Subjects: Food systems > Food security, food quality and human health
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic > AGTEC-Org
Austria > Univ. BOKU Wien
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Soil Sciences
Switzerland > Agroscope > ART - Reckenholz location
Denmark > AU - Aarhus University > AU, DJF - Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
France > ESA - Ecole Supérieure d'Agriculture d'Angers
France > INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
France > ISARA - Institut supérieure d’agriculture Lyon
Italy > INRAN National Research Institute Food & Nutrition
Deposited By: CELETTE, Florian
ID Code:19483
Deposited On:05 Oct 2011 09:32
Last Modified:16 Dec 2011 12:12
Document Language:English
Status:In Press
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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