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Tolerance of four spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) varieties to weed harrowing

Hansen, Preben Klarskov; Rasmussen, Ilse A.; Holst, Niels and Andreasen, Christian (2007) Tolerance of four spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) varieties to weed harrowing. Weed Research, 47 (3), pp. 241-251.

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Summary

We investigated the tolerance to weed harrowing of four spring barley varieties and examined the possible interactions between varietal weed suppressive ability and two nutrient levels. Tolerance was defined as the combined effect of crop resistance (ability to resist soil covering) and crop recovery (the ability to recover in terms of yield). The weed harrowing strategy was a combination of one pre- and one post-emergence weed harrowing. In terms of yield, the four varieties responded significantly differently to weed harrowing and the response depended on nutrient level. At the lower nutrient level, weed harrowing caused an increase in yield of 4.4 hkg ha-1 for a strong competitor (cv. Otira), while there was no effect on yield at the higher nutrient level. For a weaker competitor (cv. Brazil), weed harrowing caused no change in yield at the lower nutrient level, whereas yield decreased by 6.0 hkg ha-1 at the higher nutrient level. There were marked differences between the weed suppressive ability of the four varieties when not harrowed, with less pronounced but significant differences when harrowed. Weed harrowing did not change the weed suppressive ability of a variety. Varieties that are tall at post-emergence harrowing and have increased density after pre-emergence harrowing, are the ones that benefit most from weed harrowing.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:weed harrowing; varieties;tolerance; resistance;digital image analysis;sensors; spring barley; Hordeum vulgare L. cultivars; weed competition
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Crop husbandry > Weed management
Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > VI.2 (BAR_OF) Characteristics of spring barley varieties for organic farming
Denmark > AU - Aarhus University > AU, DJF - Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
Denmark > SOAR - Research School for Organic Agriculture and Food Systems
Deposited By: Hansen, Preben Klarskov
ID Code:11292
Deposited On:01 Oct 2007
Last Modified:25 Apr 2013 17:32
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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