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Consequences of the regular distribution of sainfoin hay on gastrointestinal parasitism with nematodes and on milk production in a dairy goat flock

H., Hoste; L., Gaillard and Y., Le Frileux (2004) Consequences of the regular distribution of sainfoin hay on gastrointestinal parasitism with nematodes and on milk production in a dairy goat flock. In: Small Ruminant Research (59), pp. 265-271.

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The objectives of the current study were to examine the potential effects of distribution of sainfoin hay on nematode parasitism
in a producing herd and to measure the consequences on milk production. The survey was performed in an experimental herd
of 120-dairy-goat farm during a whole 9-month grazing season. Every month, 60 goats received indoors on average 1.36 kg of
sainfoin hay for 10 days whereas the 60 remaining goats were used as controls, thus receiving the same amount of lucerne hay at
the same time. The nutritional values of both hays were comparable except that concentrations of condensed tannins was higher
in sainfoin than in lucerne hay, i.e. 2.52% versus 0.7% of diet DM. Intakes of the two types of hay were recorded along with
each period. Individual faecal and blood samples were performed monthly to compare parasitological and pathophysiological
parameters in the two groups. Milk yield, fat and protein contents were measured fortnightly. A higher consumption of hay was
repeatedly recorded in the sainfoin versus the control group. Irrespective to dietary treatment, nematode egg excretions were low
during the whole season. Meanwhile, egg output was significantly lowest in the sainfoin group, but the composition in nematode
genera was similar among the two groups. Based on a semi quantitative index for assessment of faecal consistency, a lower faecal
dry matter content was also found in goats from the sainfoin group. The two animal groups exhibited similar milk yield, fat and
protein contents. The differences in egg excretion between the two groups might be due to higher intake of hay in the barn thus to
low consumption of grass, a source of parasite infection, or to the effect of some secondary compounds, like tannins. Whatever
the mechanism involved, our results suggest that a regular distribution of sainfoin hay to dairy goats might be associated with a
reduction in parasitism with gastrointestinal nematodes, without negative consequences on milk production.
© 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Keywords:Sainfoin; Tannins; Gastrointestinal parasites; Milk production; Grazing dairy goats
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems > Sheep and goats
Animal husbandry > Health and welfare
Research affiliation: France > INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
Deposited By: HOSTE, Dr HERVE
ID Code:6990
Deposited On:30 Jan 2006
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:32
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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