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Biogas from manure – a new technology to close the nutrient and energy circuit on-farm

Schäfer, W.; Evers, L.; Lehto, M.; Sorvala, S.; Teye, F. and Granstedt, A. (2005) Biogas from manure – a new technology to close the nutrient and energy circuit on-farm. In: NJF Report, Nordic Association of Agricultural Scientists, 1 (1), pp. 165-168.

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The Biodynamic Research Institute in Järna developed a two-phase on-farm biogas plant. The plant digests manure of dairy cattle and organic residues originating from the farm and the surrounding food processing units containing 17.7-19.6 % total solids. A new technology for continuously filling and discharging the hydrolysis reactor was developed and implemented. The output of the hydrolysis reactor is separated into a solid and liquid fraction. The solid fraction is composted. The liquid fraction is further digested in a methane reactor and the effluent used as liquid fertiliser. Initial results show that anaerobic digestion followed by aerobic composting of the solid fraction improves the nutrient balance of the farm compared to mere aerobic composting. Composted solid fraction and effluent together contain about 70.8 % of total input nitrogen and 93.3 % of input NH4. The manure that was merely aerobic digested contained about 51.3 % of total input nitrogen and 3.9 % of input NH4. Additionally anaerobic digestion improves the energy balance of the farm producing up to 269 l biogas kg-1 volatile solids or 1.7 kWh heat kg-1 volatile solids.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:biogas, compost, nutrients, carbon, anaerobic digestion
Subjects: Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
Farming Systems > Buildings and machinery
Crop husbandry > Composting and manuring
Research affiliation: Finland > Luke Natural Resources Institute
Finland > Luke Natural Resources Institute > Agricultural Engineering
Related Links:http://composit.dimea.se/filebank/files/20050920$213023$fil$qJ2TuF8FS3U36W1wq19B.pdf
Deposited By: Schäfer, Dr. Winfried Christian
ID Code:6591
Deposited On:19 Dec 2005
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:32
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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