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The standards, regulations and legislation required for organic ruminant keeping in the European Union

Rahmann, Gerold (2002) The standards, regulations and legislation required for organic ruminant keeping in the European Union. In: Kyriazakis, I. and Zervas, G. (Eds.) Organic meat and milk from ruminants, Proceedings of a joint international conference organised by the Hellenic Society of Animal Production and the British Society of Animal Science, Wageningen Academic Publishers, no. 106, pp. 15-26.

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Document available online at: http://www.oel.fal.de/downloads/publikationen/pub_rahmann/078_organic_meat_milk_production.pdf


Multinational formal regulations like 2092/91/EEC or 1804/99/EC are compromises because they have to take into consideration the different conditions of the partner countries. Many of the compromises need further emphasis and more specific descriptions for ruminants:
· Extended converting periods,
· Whole farm converting and no ability of converting just farm branches,
· Cross check of allowed farm inputs,
· Improved declarations of drugs, feeds, disinfections,
· Improved animal keeping in breeding, rearing, weaning, feeding,
· Adapted stocking rates for environmental issues: pollution and nature protection,
· Integration of trade (wholesaler, retailer) into the certification and
· Improved disease prevention strategies.
The organic farming regulations are process claims. Therefore, there are clear process qualities but this is no warranty for product qualities. It is even prohibited to claim that organic food is healthier than conventionally produced food. For organic milk and meat – the major ruminant products – product qualities have to be defined. Food safety standards like HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points, WHO-standards) have to be implemented into the organic regulations. Finally the nature conservation intended by organic farming is not clearly described in the regulations. Ruminants are important in the maintenance of landscape and endangered biotopes. All of these aspects require further research to design policy frameworks to develop the regulations of organic animal husbandry.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:ruminant keeping, standards, legislation, European regulation, 1804/99/EC, ruminants, livestock, meat, milk
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems > Dairy cattle
Values, standards and certification
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Sheep and goats
Animal husbandry > Production systems
Animal husbandry > Health and welfare
Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Beef cattle
Research affiliation: Germany > Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries - VTI > Institute of Organic Farming - OEL
Related Links:http://www.oel.fal.de/
Deposited By: Rahmann, Prof. Dr. Gerold
ID Code:588
Deposited On:22 May 2003
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:27
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:ISBN: 9 076 998 086
ISSN: 0071-2477

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