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Qualitative and Quantitative Secondary Metabolite Profiles in a Large Set of Sumatra Benzoin Samples

Heng, Ming Yuan; Syfani, Nova; Ramseyer, Justine; Thuerig, Barbara; Tamm, Lucius; Hamburger, Matthias and Potterat, Olivier (2023) Qualitative and Quantitative Secondary Metabolite Profiles in a Large Set of Sumatra Benzoin Samples. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 71 (28), pp. 10590-10597.

[thumbnail of heng-etal-2023-JAgriFoodChemistry-Vol71-p10590-10597.pdf] PDF - English
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.


Document available online at: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jafc.3c01861


Sumatra benzoin, a resin produced by Styrax benzoin and Styrax paralleloneurum, is used as an aromatic agent and may have the potential to be developed as a new agricultural fungicide. In this context, we performed a comprehensive metabolite profiling of a commercial grade A resin by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with photodiode array detection, evaporative light scattering detection, and mass spectrometry (HPLC-PDA-ELSD-MS) analysis in combination with 1H NMR. Thirteen compounds including a new cinnamic acid ester containing two p-coumaroyl residues were identified after preparative isolation. These compounds accounted for an estimated 90% of the crude resin according to 1H NMR analysis. The two major constituents, p-coumaryl cinnamate (5) and sumaresinolic acid (11), were quantified by HPLC analysis. In a next step, the chemical profiles and the content in p-coumaryl cinnamate were compared in a large set of resin samples of different quality grades that were obtained from various commercial suppliers in Sumatra. The qualitative profiles of the samples were very similar, but significant quantitative differences were observed between different quality grades and origins of the samples for the relative contents.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Sumatra benzoin, Styrax benzoin, Styrax paralleloneurum, p-coumaryl cinnamate, sumaresinolic acid, phytochemical profile, Abacus, FiBL25024
Agrovoc keywords:
benzoin -> benzoin resin
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Crops > Crop protection > Crop protection products
Switzerland > University of Basel
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:51785
Deposited On:09 Oct 2023 12:14
Last Modified:05 Dec 2023 10:09
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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