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Breeding options for nematode resistance in Lacaune dairy sheep

Werne, Steffen; Schwarz, Katharina; Thüer, Susann and Bapst, Beat (2023) Breeding options for nematode resistance in Lacaune dairy sheep. animal, 100772, pp. 1-8.

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Document available online at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S175173112300068X


Summary

Due to progressing anthelmintic resistance of gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN), supportive measures are needed to control these parasites. In sheep, it has been shown that selection towards an increased nematode resistance is feasible and that faecal egg count (FEC) is the generally acknowledged trait for selection. However, a selection based on FEC would come with certain costs, therefore auxiliary, cheaper resistance traits would be most welcome. FAMACHA, a colour classification of the eyelid, usually used to determine the manifestation of an infection with Haemonchus contortus, could serve as such. Therefore, we collected FAMACHA, packed cell volume (PVC) and FEC phenotypes of approx. 1150 naturally infected Lacaune ewes on 15 commercial farms in Switzerland. The Haemonchus proportion was determined on farm level. Phenotypic correlations of FEC and FAMACHA as well as FAMACHA and PCV were 0.25 (SE 0.03) and 0.35 (SE 0.08), respectively, and correspond well with the results of other studies. A multi-trait animal model was applied to estimate genetic parameters with FEC, FAMACHA, PVC and milk yield as dependent variables. The heritabilities of FEC, FAMACHA, PCV and milk yield were estimated to be moderate with values of 0.33 (SE 0.08), 0.30 (SE 0.08), 0.36 (SE 0.08) and 0.34 (SE 0.08), respectively. The genetic correlations between FEC and FAMACHA and between FEC and PCV were estimated to be close to zero with values of 0.03 (SE 0.22) and 0.01 (SE 0.21), respectively. The average Haemonchus-proportion compared to other GIN was found to be 43%. The FAMACHA classification of the Lacaune ewes seems to indicate a rather high worm challenge, with 38, 14 and 2% of observations classified to scores 3, 4 and 5, respectively. However, the worm challenge according to FEC was moderate. It has been suggested that the genetic correlation between FAMACHA and FEC is more pronounced when FEC was high. It could therefore be that the lack of genetic correlation was due to an insufficient worm challenge, even though the Lacaune were grazing at least 70 days before phenotyping. The genetic correlation between FEC and milk yield was estimated to be 0.07 (SE 0.22, slightly unfavourable). We conclude that if FEC is used as trait, the Lacaune could be selected for lower susceptibility towards nematode infection. The use of FAMACHA as an auxiliary trait for FEC is not feasible, due to an inexistent genetic correlation between these two traits.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:FAMACHA, gastrointestinal nematodes, dairy sheep, Lacaune, Abacus, FiBL5009502
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
nematodes
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_47faeccc
English
dairy sheep
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_18cf2753
English
breeding
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_49902
English
selection criteria
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1078
English
parasite resistance
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_17971197
English
UNSPECIFIED
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Breeding and genetics
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Sheep and goats
Animal husbandry > Health and welfare
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Animal > Animal breeding
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Animal > Animal health > Parasitology
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Animal > Small ruminants
European Union > Horizon 2020 > SMARTER
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:772787
DOI:10.1016/j.animal.2023.100772
Related Links:https://www.smarterproject.eu/, https://www.fibl.org/en/themes/projectdatabase/projectitem/project/1510
Deposited By: Werne, Dr. Steffen
ID Code:51506
Deposited On:04 Sep 2023 09:08
Last Modified:04 Sep 2023 09:08
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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