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Soil Fertility and Biodiversity in Organic Farming

Mäder, Paul; Fliessbach, Andreas; Dubois, David; Gunst, Lucie; Fried, Padrout and Niggli, Urs (2002) Soil Fertility and Biodiversity in Organic Farming. Science, 31 May 2002 (296), pp. 1694-1697.

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Document available online at: http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/296/5573/1694?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=Dubois&searchid=1139501569506_8775&FIRSTINDEX=10&journalcode=sci


An understanding of agroecosystems is key to determining effective farming systems. Here we report results from a 21-year study of agronomic and ecological performance of biodynamic, bioorganic, and conventional farming systems in Central Europe. We found crop yields to be 20% lower in the organic systems, although input of fertilizer and energy was reduced by 34 to 53% and pesticide input by 97%. Enhanced soil fertility and higher biodiversity found in organic plots may render these systems less dependent on external inputs.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:soil fertility, biodiversity, DOK trial, organic, Nachhaltigkeitsanalyse, DOK-Versuch
Subjects: Soil > Soil quality > Soil biology
Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Soil > Soil quality
Research affiliation: Switzerland > Agroscope
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Soil
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Sustainability > Climate
Deposited By: Fließbach, Dr. Andreas
ID Code:4756
Deposited On:09 Feb 2006
Last Modified:13 Jan 2021 13:05
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:German translation available at https://orgprints.org/302/

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