home    about    browse    search    latest    help 
Login | Create Account

Residual nitrogen from slurry and mineral fertiliser two years after application: Fractionation and plant availability

Fuchs, Max; Frick, Hanna; Moinet, Gabriel Y. K.; Mayer, Marius and Bünemann, Else K. (2023) Residual nitrogen from slurry and mineral fertiliser two years after application: Fractionation and plant availability. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 177, pp. 1-11.

[thumbnail of Fuchs_et_al_2023.pdf] PDF - Published Version - English
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.


Document available online at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038071722003650?via%3Dihub


Fertilisation with animal manure has a long-standing tradition as a way to close nutrient cycles on farms. However, the fate of nitrogen (N) from manure in the soil beyond the year of application remains poorly understood. The aim of this research was to understand the residual N fertiliser value of mineral fertiliser (Min) and cattle slurry (Slu) in relation to the partitioning of N from the fertilisers in different soil physical fractions. To this end, we characterised the fate of 15N-labelled Min and Slu in soil organic matter (SOM) physical fractions two years after field application and related it to plant uptake of residual N. A secondary objective was to compare two fractionation methods with respect to accuracy and easiness, namely a combined density and particle size fractionation, separating five fractions, and a simple particle size fractionation, separating two fractions. All fractions were analysed for 15N abundance. The residual N fertiliser value was determined as the uptake of 15N by ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) during 6 weeks. Furthermore, we deduced the source of 15N taken up by the plants from changes in the percentage of N derived from labelled fertilisers in each of the SOM physical fractions obtained by simple size fractionation before and after the pot experiment. Two years after application, most 15N was found in the fractions <20 μm, for both fractionation methods, i.e. in the mineral-associated organic matter (MAOM). The 15N recovery in these fractions in percent of the quantity of 15N originally applied as fertiliser tended to be higher for Slu (density-size fractionation: 19.8 ± 6.6%; simple size fractionation: 25.1 ± 6.6%) than for Min (density-size fractionation: 12.0 ± 2.1%; simple size fractionation: 16.8 ± 2.6%). Irrespective of the fertiliser type, about 2% of applied 15N was available to ryegrass plants two years after application. Out of these 2%, most 15N in the plants originated from MAOM, suggesting that the availability of the N stored in MAOM could be larger than previously thought. This finding is in line with the emerging view that MAOM is a dynamic fraction that plays an important role in the N cycle.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:soil organic matter, organic fertilizers, residual effects, fractionation, isotope labelling, NitroGäu, Abacus, FiBL10106, FiBL10148
Agrovoc keywords:
soil organic matter
manures (fertilizers) -> organic fertilizers
residual effects
isotope labelling
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Composting and manuring
Soil > Nutrient turnover
Environmental aspects > Air and water emissions
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Soil > Nutrient management
Related Links:https://www.fibl.org/en/themes/projectdatabase/projectitem/project/1288
Deposited By: Frick, Hanna
ID Code:45935
Deposited On:24 Apr 2023 12:56
Last Modified:24 Apr 2023 12:56
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

Repository Staff Only: item control page


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics