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Economic, Social, and Environmental Benefits Associated With U.S. Organic Agriculture

Lohr, Luanne (2005) Economic, Social, and Environmental Benefits Associated With U.S. Organic Agriculture. Paper at: Researching Sustainable Systems - International Scientific Conference on Organic Agriculture, Adelaide, Australia, September 21-23, 2005. [Unpublished]

[thumbnail of 4411-Lohr_4p_revised-ed.pdf] PDF - German/Deutsch


This case study reviews the economic, social, and environmental benefits associated with organic agriculture in the United States. Measurable impacts are quantified by comparing indicators of benefits in counties with organic farms and counties without. Statistical differences across counties with and without organic farms provide preliminary evidence that organic farms may generate a variety of direct and indirect benefits. Of 36 indicators tested across a range of economic, social, and environmental benefits, 26 favor organic systems, three favor conventional systems, and seven are neutral. Even though organic farmers are not a large percentage of the total number of U.S. farmers, they may be influencing mainstream agriculture to shift toward greater sustainability.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:conventional-organic comparison, economic indicators, environmental indicators
Subjects: Food systems > Recycling, balancing and resource management
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2005: 1st ISOFAR Conference > 2005: 1st ISOFAR Conference
Deposited By: ISOFAR
ID Code:4411
Deposited On:18 Nov 2006
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:30
Document Language:English
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed
Additional Publishing Information:The paper archived here is the final paper submitted by the authors to the conference Researching Sustainable Systems.
The final and edited papers are available at the following publication:
Köpke, Ulrich; Niggli, Urs; Neuhoff, Daniel; Cornish, Peter; Lockeretz, Willie und Willer, Helga, (Hrsg.) (2005) Researching Sustainable Systems. Proceedings of the First Scientific Conference of the International Society of Organic Agriculture Research (ISOFAR) Held in Cooperation with the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) and the National Association for Sustainable Agriculture, Australia (NASAA), 21 - 23 September 2005, Adelaide Convention Centre, Adelaide, South Australia. Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL, CH-Frick, and International Society of Organic Agriculture Research (ISOFAR), c/o Institute of Organic Agriculture (IOL), DE-University of Bonn. http://orgprints.org/4013/
Distribution: Paper copies may be ordered from FiBL at a cost of 28 Euros plus mailing costs (see FiBL shop at http://www.fibl.org/shop); FiBL order number 1394. A PDF version of the proceedings is available free of charge for ISOFAR members via the member area of www.isofar.org.
The final papers submitted by the authors are available at http://orgprints.org/view/projects/int-conf-isofar-2005.html.

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