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Comparing floral resource maps and land cover maps to predict predators and aphid suppression on field bean

Ammann, Lolita; Bosem-Baillod, Aliette; Eckerter, Philipp W.; Entling, Martin H.; Albrecht, Matthias and Herzog, Felix (2021) Comparing floral resource maps and land cover maps to predict predators and aphid suppression on field bean. Landscape Ecology, online, pp. 1-11.

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[thumbnail of Ammann-etal-2021-Landscape-Online-p1-11.pdf] PDF - Published Version - English
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Document available online at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10980-021-01361-0


Predatory insects contribute to the natural control of agricultural pests, but also use plant pollen or nectar as supplementary food resources. Resource maps have been proposed as an alternative to land cover maps for prediction of beneficial insects.
We aimed at predicting the abundance of crop pest predating insects and the pest control service they provide with both, detailed flower resource maps and land cover maps.
We selected 19 landscapes of 500 m radius and mapped them with both approaches. In the centres of the landscapes, aphid predators – hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae), ladybeetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and lacewings (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) – were surveyed in experimentally established faba bean phytometers (Vicia faba L. Var. Sutton Dwarf) and their control of introduced black bean aphids (Aphis fabae Scop.) was recorded.
Landscapes with higher proportions of forest edge as derived from land cover maps supported higher abundance of aphid predators, and high densities of aphid predators reduced aphid infestation on faba bean. Floral resource maps did not significantly predict predator abundance or aphid control services.
Land cover maps allowed to relate landscape composition with predator abundance, showing positive effects of forest edges. Floral resource maps may have failed to better predict predators because other resources such as overwintering sites or alternative prey potentially play a more important role than floral resources. More research is needed to further improve our understanding of resource requirements beyond floral resource estimations and our understanding of their role for aphid predators at the landscape scale.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:predation, pest control, landscape management, semi natural habitat, ecosystem services
Agrovoc keywords:
pest control
landscape management -> landscape conservation
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Research affiliation: Switzerland > Agroscope
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:43339
Deposited On:17 Jan 2022 14:53
Last Modified:19 Jan 2022 13:26
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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