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Ammonia emissions from cattle slurry and digestates

Efosa, Norah; Krause, Hans-Martin; Häni, Christoph; Six, Johan and Bünemann, Else K. (2021) Ammonia emissions from cattle slurry and digestates. In: EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-9801, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-9801, 2021, EGU General Assembly 2021.

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Summary

The recycling of organic waste in biogas plants is proposed as a measure to close nutrient cycles and possibly reduce nitrogen losses such as nitrous oxide emissions and nitrate leaching. Ammonia volatilization after fertilizer spreading is yet another nitrogen loss pathway which is often understudied and not yet fully understood but the knowledge is needed in order to optimize fertilizer management. We therefore aimed to quantify the volatilization of ammonia after the trail-hose application of digestates compared to cattle slurry. We hypothesize that digestates have larger and longer lasting nitrogen losses via ammonia volatilization due to higher NH4+ contents and pH values compared to fresh manure. In this project, digested and un-digested organic fertilizers were applied twice per year in a 2.5-years field experiment with three consecutive arable crops (maize, winter wheat and winter barley) under organic farming. We used Automated Low Cost Impinger Systems to measure ammonia emissions after fertilizer application. The emissions were then modeled using the backwards Langrangian stochastic dispersal model with respect to wind conditions. A preliminary presentation of the data indicates that ammonia emissions from the cattle slurry, slurry-based digestate, and industrial digestate are alternately higher or lower. In 2018, emissions from cattle slurry tended to be lower than those from slurry-based digestate and industrial digestate, while in 2019 and 2020 all three liquid organic fertilizers had similar emissions. In the measurement period after the second fertilizer application in 2018, which took place at the end of May, conspicuously high emissions were measured. This can be explained by the high temperatures during this period. Adaptive strategies in fertilizer management should thus consider reduced inputs of organic fertilizers during warm periods.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:organic waste, emissions, biogas plants, Recycle4Bio, Abacus, FiBL10107
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
organic wastes
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_35237
English
emission
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_331377
English
biogas
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_9262
English
slurry
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_16602
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Composting and manuring
Environmental aspects > Air and water emissions
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Crops > Composting and fertilizer application > Nitrogen
DOI:10.5194/egusphere-egu21-15587
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:43338
Deposited On:17 Jan 2022 13:53
Last Modified:18 Jan 2022 14:30
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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