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Duddingtonia flagrans: a promising biocontrol agent for gastrointestinal nematodes

Maurer, V.; Athanasiadou, S.; Oberhänsli, T.; Shepherd, F.; Thüer, S. and Werne, S. (2021) Duddingtonia flagrans: a promising biocontrol agent for gastrointestinal nematodes. In: Book of Abstracts of the 72nd Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Sciences. Davos, Switzerland. 30 August - 3 September 2021, Wageningen Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, no. 27, p. 493.

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Summary

Controlling gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) challenges owners of small ruminants with access to pastures. Biocontrol using the nematophagous fungus Duddingtonia flagrans is expected to complement existing alternatives for controlling GIN in grazing animals in the future. Animals receive spores of D. flagrans, which pass through the gastrointestinal tract. Fungal mycelium grows out of the surviving spores, spreads through the deposited faeces and forms structures with which it traps, colonizes and destroys the GIN larvae. This leads to reduced pasture contamination with GIN larvae and lower infection of grazing animals. An experiment with lactating goats, which were naturally infected with GIN, was carried out on an organic farm. Ten animals each received either a feed additive without D. flagrans spores (control), a feed additive with D. flagrans spores at recommended sheep/cattle dosage (normal) or a feed additive with D. flagrans spores at a10 times higher concentration than the normal dosage (high). Spores were administered daily to each animal individually during three days. Faecal samples were taken from all animals on the day before and on the last day of feeding spores. For each sample, faecal egg counts were determined by a modified McMaster technique. Samples were cultured for 14 days and larvae were subsequently obtained. Biocontrol efficacy of D. flagrans was calculated for each animal individually as a percentage reduction of developed larvae after treatment compared to the number obtained before treatment. As compared to the control, in the group with the normal D. flagrans dose infective larvae were reduced by about 20%, whereas reduction was almost 70% in the high D. flagrans dose group.
In the H2020 project RELACS a similar setup was carried out with artificially infected sheep, using the normal and a 10 times lower dosage of D. flagrans spores. Infective GIN larvae were reduced by over 95% in faeces of both D. flagrans groups as compared to the control. Compared to goats, lower doses were required to substantially reduce GIN larval development in faecal cultures of sheep. Funded by EU H2020 No 773431 – RELACS.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:small ruminants, nematode control, animal health, Abacus, FiBL25054, RELACS
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
small ruminants
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_32579
English
nematode control
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5110
English
animal health
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_431
English
UNSPECIFIED
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems > Sheep and goats
Animal husbandry > Health and welfare
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > RELACS
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Animal > Animal welfare & housing
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Animal > Animal health > Parasitology
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Animal > Small ruminants
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:773431
ISBN:978-90-8686-366-2
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:43296
Deposited On:13 Jan 2022 10:48
Last Modified:13 Jan 2022 10:48
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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