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Drought Effects on Nitrogen Provisioning in Different Agricultural Systems: Insights Gained and Lessons Learned from a Field Experiment

Kundel, Dominika; Lori, Martina; Fliessbach, Andreas; van Kleunen, Mark; Meyer, Svenja and Mäder, Paul (2021) Drought Effects on Nitrogen Provisioning in Different Agricultural Systems: Insights Gained and Lessons Learned from a Field Experiment. Nitrogen, 2 (1), pp. 1-17.

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Document available online at: https://www.mdpi.com/2504-3129/2/1/1


Summary

Most nitrogen (N) in organic fertilizers must be mineralized to become available to plants, a process in which microorganisms play crucial roles. Droughts may impact microorganisms associated with the N cycle, negatively affecting N mineralization and plant N supply. The effects of drought on N-related processes may further be shaped by the farming system. We buried 15N-enriched plant material and reduced precipitation in conventionally and organically (biodynamically) managed wheat fields. On two sampling dates, we evaluated the soil water content, plant parameters and the plants’ 15N isotope signature. We intended to study the microbial communities associated with the N cycle to link potential treatment effects on plant N provisioning with characteristics of the underlying microbial community. However, floods impaired the experiment after the first sampling date, and the molecular work on the microbial communities was not performed. Focusing on the pre-flooding sampling date, our data suggested that processes associated with N transformation are sensitive to drought, but the role of the farming system needs further investigation. Since the underlying research question, the set-up and the lessons learned from this study may guide future experiments, we presented improvements to the set-up and provided ideas for additional analyses, hoping to promote research on this topic.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:DOK trial, stable isotope, drought, rainout shelter, agriculture, nitrogen, Bodenwissenschaften, Abacus, FiBL10101, SoilClim
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
nitrogen
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5192
English
drought
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2391
Subjects: Soil > Soil quality
Crop husbandry > Composting and manuring
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Crops > Field trials > DOK Trial
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Crops > Composting and fertilizer application > Nitrogen
DOI:10.3390/nitrogen2010001
Related Links:https://www.fibl.org/en/themes/projectdatabase/projectitem/project/1286
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:43141
Deposited On:04 Jan 2022 11:50
Last Modified:22 Apr 2022 07:53
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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