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Principles of design of intercropping (ReMIX Practice abstract)

{Tool} Principles of design of intercropping (ReMIX Practice abstract). Creator(s): Verret, Valentin; Pelzer, Elise; Bedoussac, Laurent and Jeuffroy, Marie-Hélène. Issuing Organisation(s): ENSEFA, INRAE - National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and the Environment, IFOAM EU. ReMIX Practice abstracts, no. 7. (2020)

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Document available online at: https://www.remix-intercrops.eu/content/download/4090/38982/version/1/file/%237%20Principles%20of%20design%20of%20intercropping.pdf


Summary

Outcome
Tracking farmers’ innovations to:
- reveal the diversity of mixtures cultivated
- show links between objectives and practices
- develop this practice.
Practical recommendations
- Intercropping can increase resource use efficiency (light, nitrogen, water, etc.): choose species/cultivars with complementary temporal patterns, morphological and functional traits (height, habit, root system, etc.)
- Facilitating harvest and reducing losses: choose species/cultivars with robust stems to prevent the lodging of the associated crop (e.g. Barley-pea, camelina-lentil)
- Ensuring that at least one species is always harvested: choose species/cultivars with complementary growth requirements and sensitivities (diseases, insects, extreme weather, ripening dates, etc.) (e.g. Faba bean-wheat)
- Harvesting a supplementary crop, achieving two crop cycles in one year: choose species with different life cycles to be sown simultaneously and harvested separately (e.g. Rapeseed-buckwheat)
Practical testing/ Farmers’ experiences
Tracking farmers’ innovations revealed different practices and sub-objectives with the aim of 1) increasing yield and stability, 2) controlling weeds and 3) increasing nitrogen supply in the cropping systems and then nitrogen self-sufficiency.


EPrint Type:Practice tool
Teaser:Choice of species/cultivars depending on targeted services improves intercropping design.
What problem does the tool address?:Studies on crop mixtures are not particularly common, so farmers may lack knowledge about what best suits their objectives and conditions.
What solution does the tool offer?:Principles for crop mixtures design (combinations of species, cultivars, densities, sowing patterns and fertilization) depend upon targeted services.
Country:France
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:cropping systems, diversification, arable farming, low input agriculture, intercropping, crop production, ecosystem services
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
cropping systems
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1971
English
diversification
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2344
English
arable farming
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_36528
English
low input agriculture
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_34370
English
intercropping
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3910
English
crop production
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5976
English
ecosystem services
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1348040570280
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Remix
France > INRAe - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement
France > Other organizations
International Organizations > International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements IFOAM > IFOAM EU Group
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:727217
Related Links:https://www.remix-intercrops.eu/, http://www.enfa.fr/, https://www.inrae.fr/en, https://www.organicseurope.bio
Deposited By: De Simone, Dr. Ambra
ID Code:39717
Deposited On:21 Apr 2021 10:58
Last Modified:10 May 2021 11:32
Document Language:English
Status:Published

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