home    about    browse    search    latest    help 
Login | Create Account

Designing mixtures to control weed pressure (ReMIX Practice abstract)

{Tool} Designing mixtures to control weed pressure (ReMIX Practice abstract). Creator(s): Labreuche, Jérôme. Issuing Organisation(s): ARVALIS - Institute du végétal, IFOAM EU. ReMIX Practice abstracts, no. 5. (2020)

[thumbnail of 5.png]
Preview
Image (PNG) - Cover Image - English
286kB
[thumbnail of Designing mixtures to control weed pressure] PDF - English (Designing mixtures to control weed pressure)
451kB

Document available online at: https://www.remix-intercrops.eu/content/download/4088/38976/version/1/file/%235%20Designing%20mixtures%20to%20control%20weed%20pressure.pdf


Summary

Outcome
Although the regulation of weed pressure is difficult to quantify for living mulch, ongoing experiments show that living mulch can cover up to 95% of the soil surface during the intercropping period.
Practical recommendations
- Perennial forage legume species can be sown in a first cash crop, for example, red or white clovers established in winter wheat at the end of winter in organic farming or clovers or lucerne sown at the same time as oilseed rape in conventional farming.
- After harvesting, the living mulch (e.g. clovers) keeps growing during the intercropping period, especially if the summer weather is not too dry.
- The cover crop can then be destroyed before establishing the following crop or be kept alive during part or the entire cycle of the second crop. In organic farming, the cover crop must be destroyed before sowing the second crop since its development cannot be suppressed with herbicides. In conventional farming, more and more farmers are testing this practice. The biomass of the living mulch shouldn’t exceed 1 ton per hectare, at the wheat flowering stage, for optimal wheat growth.
Practical testing/ Farmers’ experiences
We recommend that you test this method under your own farm conditions. Visit the farmknowledge platform to share your experiences with other farmers, advisors, and scientists!


EPrint Type:Practice tool
Teaser:Living mulch can regulate weed pressure during intercropping.
What problem does the tool address?:Weeds compete with the main crop for light, water and nutrients. Chemicals and, to a lesser degree, mechanical treatments are widely used to suppress weeds.
What solution does the tool offer?:Mixing species with complementary properties and that benefit from each other. We will focus on living mulch or 'plant teams' (cereal cash crops associated with non-harvested "companion" species).
Country:France
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:cropping systems, diversification, arable farming, low input agriculture, intercropping, cereal crops, legumes, weed control
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
diversification
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2344
English
cropping systems
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1971
English
arable farming
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_36528
English
low input agriculture
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_34370
English
intercropping
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3910
English
cereal crops
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_25512
English
legumes
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4255
English
weed control
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8345
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Crop husbandry > Weed management
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > Remix
France > ARVALIS - Institut du végétal
International Organizations > International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements IFOAM > IFOAM EU Group
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:727217
Related Links:https://www.remix-intercrops.eu/, https://www.arvalis-infos.fr/index.html, https://www.organicseurope.bio
Deposited By: De Simone, Dr. Ambra
ID Code:39715
Deposited On:21 Apr 2021 12:00
Last Modified:10 May 2021 11:31
Document Language:English
Status:Published

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics