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Intercropping grain-legumes and cereals for improved protein concentration in the cereal (ReMIX Practice abstract)

{Tool} Intercropping grain-legumes and cereals for improved protein concentration in the cereal (ReMIX Practice abstract). Creator(s): Watson, Christine; Dordas, Christos and Pankou, Chrysanthi. Issuing Organisation(s): SRUC - Scotland's Rural College, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, IFOAM EU. ReMIX Practice abstracts, no. 1. (2020)

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Document available online at: https://www.remix-intercrops.eu/content/download/4085/38967/version/1/file/%231%20Intercropping%20grain-legumes%20and%20%20cereals%20for%20improved%20protein%20concentration%20in%20the%20cereal.pdf


Summary

Outcome:
Mixed cropping systems achieve higher protein content of bread wheat, with no need to include nitrogen (N) fertilizers.
Practical recommendations:
- The seed bed should not be too fine-grained after cultivation.
- Test soil samples and amend P and K levels, if necessary.
- Select cultivars (wheat and grain legume) with the same maturity time according to local seed costs and market availability.
- Mix the seeds 70% grain legume and 30% wheat relative to the standard sowing quantities of the crops in the seed tank. Check that the mixture is homogenous and sow with a conventional seeder.
- Use the recommended row spacing of the cereal crop.
- Apply weed control as needed (organic or conventional).
- Adjust the height of the harvester to pick up grain legumes close to ground.
Practical testing/ Farmers’ experiences:
If this crop system seems suitable for you, we recommend that you test this under your conditions. Separate a part of your field before sowing and apply the mixture. Cultivate the rest of the field as usual and compare the intercrop to the pure stand cereals and/or legumes crops.


EPrint Type:Practice tool
Teaser:Improve cereal protein concentration using intercropping with legumes (i.e. lentil, pea)
What problem does the tool address?:The increase of the world population requires analogous increases in food production, particularly of wheat with high grain protein content (Lithourgidis et al., 2011).
What solution does the tool offer?:Intercropping with legumes, i.e. lentil, pea, etc., improves cereal protein concentration (Fig. 1-3). Selecting wheat cultivars with higher yield and protein content is crucial (Lithourgidis et al., 2011).
Country:Greece, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:cropping systems, diversification, arable farming, low input agriculture, intercropping, cereal crops, legumes
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
cropping systems
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1971
English
diversification
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2344
English
arable farming
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_36528
English
low input agriculture
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_34370
English
intercropping
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3910
English
cereal crops
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_25512
English
legumes
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4255
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Research affiliation: Greece > The Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
European Union > Horizon 2020 > Remix
International Organizations > International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements IFOAM > IFOAM EU Group
UK > Scottish Rural Colleges (SRUC - previously SAC)
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:727217
Related Links:https://www.remix-intercrops.eu/, https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/39673, https://www.sruc.ac.uk/site/, https://www.auth.gr/en, https://www.organicseurope.bio, https://www.facebook.com/organicfarmknowledge/posts/240040591241916, https://twitter.com/farm_knowledge/status/1385226791690903557
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: De Simone, Dr. Ambra
ID Code:39673
Deposited On:21 Apr 2021 12:17
Last Modified:28 Apr 2021 08:42
Document Language:English
Status:Published

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