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Use of organic Camelina in laying hen feed (OK-Net EcoFeed Practice abstract)

{Tool} Use of organic Camelina in laying hen feed (OK-Net EcoFeed Practice abstract). Creator(s): Micheloni, Cristina. Issuing Organisation(s): AIAB - Associazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica. OK-Net Ecofeed Practice abstract. (2021)

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Summary

To diversify hens' diet with a locally grown crop that can improve the quality of feed in terms of amino acids bal-ance, omega 3 fatty acids and antioxidants content that improve hen health and productivity (Figure 2).
Camelina cake, on average, has 34% protein and 10% fat. The protein includes 38% of essential amino acids with a 2,65% of methionine. In the oil omega 3: omega 6 is 2:1.
Camelina can be included in the laying hens diet up to a maximum of 10% (due to anti-nutritional factors that, with higher contents, can affect animal health). In the practical trial, 3,5% of camelina cake replaced the same amount of soya bean cake (Figure 3). 1,5% of camelina oil was also added to the feed. Later trials support the possibility to increase the percentage of camelina cake and, with specific varieties characterized by low anti-nutritional factors, potentially no limits need be set.
The trial indicated that camelina cake and oil can be fed through the whole hens' productive life cycle and, com-pared to the usual feed (based on soya bean cake), resulted in:
• no negative effects on laying parameters (number of eggs, dimension of eggs etc.)
• no negative effect on physical egg parameters (i.e. albumen viscosity does not change; the shell is reported to be more resistant)
• higher omega 3 contents in eggs (Figure 4).
• longer productive life of hens.
Overall, the value of the eggs was increased, the production costs decreased and animal welfare improved.


EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Soya bean is a major source of protein for laying hens, that cannot be cultivated everywhere and is unbalanced in terms of amino acids contents. An alternative, Came-lina, contains interesting types and amounts of omega 3 fatty acids and tocopherols (Vit. E).
What solution does the tool offer?:To use camelina cake as partial replacement of soya bean cake in laying hens feed and the addition of camelina oil to improve hen health and egg quality (Figure 1).
Country:Italy
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:soybeans, soya bean, feeding, broiler chickens, broiler, layer chickens, layers, camelina
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
soybeans
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_14477
English
feeding
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2838
English
broiler chickens
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_9435
English
layer chickens
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_12109
English
Camelina
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_33634
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Poultry
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net EcoFeed
European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net EcoFeed > OK-Net Ecofeed Tools
Italy > AIAB
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:773911
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/39649, https://aiab.it/, https://www.facebook.com/organicfarmknowledge/posts/237926894786619, https://twitter.com/farm_knowledge/status/1384115218830139392
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:39649
Deposited On:31 Mar 2021 10:52
Last Modified:28 Apr 2021 08:30
Document Language:English
Status:Published

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