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Foraging of organic finishing pigs on protein-rich fodder (OK-Net EcoFeed Practice abstract)

{Tool} Foraging of organic finishing pigs on protein-rich fodder (OK-Net EcoFeed Practice abstract). Creator(s): Lubac, Stanislas. Issuing Organisation(s): ITAB - Institute for Organic Agriculture and Food. OK-Net Ecofeed Practice abstract. (2021)

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Summary

Well organized foraging, with good quality fodder, re-duces the amount of concentrates consumed and in-creases the food autonomy of the farm.
Access to fresh fodder is valuable for pig health and wel-fare and for the nutritional quality of the meat (fatty acid profiles).
• Carry out a provisional grazing schedule, based on a diversity of crops (figures 1 and 2), with the aim of having fodder at the optimum stage throughout the year.
• Adapt the amount of concentrates fed according to the amount and quality of fodder available on the plots. Feed rationing leads to lower fat carcasses but can also decrease the carcass weight if too little concentrate is fed.
• On farm trials show that If concentrate feed is reduced by 30%, the fattening should be extended by 30 days maximum. Similarly, a 15% reduction in rations will require a maximum of 12-day extension.
• Graze the fodder at its optimum stage to avoid waste. Woody forage will not be very palatable. When there is an excess of forage, it can be harvested and preserved for feeding during the housing period.
• Position a water trough and feed troughs on the pastured plot to facilitate moving the pigs (figure 4).
• Create corridors around the paddocks, by crushing a strip of vegetation (figure 3): this encourages the movement of animals and facilitates the installation of mobile fences and their visualization by the pigs (particularly in tall crops).
• Aim for a balance between annual and perennial crops to limit the cost of sowing fodder.
• Take care to preserve the state of the soil and crops, especially for perennial crops: give priority to paddock grazing management.
• The choice of fodder species and varieties should be considered for their cost, their agronomic performance and their nutritional value. Legumes are preferred by pigs.


EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:The free-range area for finishing pigs is generally not op-timized for its nutritional value through grazing. Further-more, low roughage intake is not optimal for health, wel-fare of pigs and the nutritional quality of the meat. Fi-nally, a significant quantity of feed is consumed at this stage which can be costly.
What solution does the tool offer?:Introduce a diversity of protein-rich fodder, so that the finishing pigs forage as soon as weather conditions per-mit, over the longest possible period of the year.
Country:France
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:pigs, feeding, ration planning
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
animal husbandry
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8532
English
swine
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7555
English
feeding
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2838
English
rations
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6461
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Pigs
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net EcoFeed
European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net EcoFeed > OK-Net Ecofeed Tools
France > ITAB - Institut Technique en Agriculture Biologique
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:773911
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/39563, https://www.facebook.com/organicfarmknowledge/posts/233693971876578, https://twitter.com/farm_knowledge/status/1381861658230947843
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:39563
Deposited On:30 Mar 2021 13:05
Last Modified:28 Apr 2021 08:03
Document Language:English
Status:Published

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