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Heat stress responses in a large set of winter wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.) depend on the timing and duration of stress

Balla, Krisztina; Karsai, Ildikó; Bónis, Péter; Kiss, Tibor; Berki, Zita; Horváth, Ádám; Mayer, Marianna; Bencze, Szilvia and Veisz, Ottó (2019) Heat stress responses in a large set of winter wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.) depend on the timing and duration of stress. PLOS ONE, 14 (9), e0222639.

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Modern agriculture depends on the production of very few crop species, which provide lower nutritive value for consumers. The present work summarizes the results of a three-year experiment on hulled wheat varieties as potential candidates for food system diversification. The organic field cultivation tests with 10 emmer and five einkorn landraces and varieties were conducted on similar to 10 m(2) plots on sandy soil, and from 2017, under on-farm conditions in eastern Hungary. Most accessions adapted well to the marginal conditions, with some landraces even yielding higher than registered varieties-over 3 t per ha on average over three years. Compared to emmer, einkorn had higher maximum grain yields, but its yield performance varied more than that of emmer. Grain protein and the total phenolic content were high in both species. Compared to emmer, einkorn seeds exhibited a 3.8 times higher content of bound flavonoids and had 3.4 times higher antioxidant activity. Four einkorn accessions were resistant to leaf spot, as well as yellow and leaf rusts. Fusarium infected both species similarly. Our findings indicate that not only registered varieties of ancient wheat species but also their landraces can provide sustainable alternatives both for organic farmers and also for the diversification of agriculture.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:emmer; einkorn; landraces; organic; disease resistance; yield stability; grain quality; diversifood
Agrovoc keywords:
Subjects:"Organics" in general
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Research affiliation: Hungary > Hungarian Research Institute of Organic Agriculture
Deposited By: Csajbók, Edit
ID Code:38399
Deposited On:21 Sep 2020 17:37
Last Modified:21 Sep 2020 17:37
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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