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Recommendations for using soya-based feedstuffs in pig husbandry (OK-Net Ecofeed Practice Abstract)

{Tool} Recommendations for using soya-based feedstuffs in pig husbandry (OK-Net Ecofeed Practice Abstract). Creator(s): Rittler, Leopold. Issuing Organisation(s): Donau Soja. Practice Abstract, no. 027. (2020)

[thumbnail of Recommendations for using soya-based feedstuffs in pig husbandry] PDF - Published Version - English (Recommendations for using soya-based feedstuffs in pig husbandry)
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[thumbnail of Recommandations pour l'utilisation du soja en éle-vage porcin] PDF - Published Version - French/Francais (Recommandations pour l'utilisation du soja en éle-vage porcin)
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Document available online at: https://orgprints.org/37897


Summary

• Soya beans need to be heat treated to enable digestion by pigs or poultry. Professional processing technology is required to apply a heat treatment of the right quality and intensity. This is essential to preserve protein quality.
• De-fatting of soya beans helps to increase shelf life and the amount that can be fed to sows, piglets and pigs. A mechanical press reduces the fat content down to approximately 7-10 %, see table 1. The product is called soya cake (see figure 1). Before feeding it to pigs, it needs to be heat treated.
• Soya cake or full-fat soya beans are best in growth phases with high energy needs: nursing sows, rearing piglets and in the first fattening phase (share in total feed <15 % DM), see table 2.
• The fat of soya beans contains relatively high levels of polyene fatty acids. For achieving lean meat of high quality, the use of soya cake is limited during the final fattening phase (approximately 5 % of DM). Full-fat soybeans should be avoided during this phase.
• If soya cake is the main protein feed during the fattening period, the share of corn should be lower than 20 %. Otherwise, lean meat of high quality is not achievable.


Summary translation

• Les graines de soja doivent être traitées thermiquement pour permettre une bonne valorisation par les
porcs ou les volailles. Une technologie professionnelle de transformation est nécessaire pour appliquer un traitement thermique de qualité et d'intensité appropriées, essentiel pour préserver la qualité des protéines.
• Le déshuilage des graines de soja (obtention d’un tourteau, Cf. Figure 1) permet d'augmenter la durée de conservation et la quantité distribuée aux truies, porcelets et porcs. Une presse mécanique réduit la teneur en matières grasses à environ 7-10 % (Cf. Tableau 1). Le tourteau obtenu doit-être traité thermiquement avant distribution aux porcs
• Les tourteaux de soja ou les graines de soja entières sont les plus efficaces pour les phases de croissance à besoins énergétiques élevés : truies allaitantes, porcelets en post-sevrage et première phase d'engraissement (part dans l'alimentation totale <15 % de MS) : Cf. tableau 2.
• La matière grasse des graines de soja contient des taux relativement élevés d'acides gras polyènes. Pour obtenir une viande maigre de haute qualité, l'utilisation du tourteau de soja est limitée pendant la phase de finition (environ 5 %), et l’utilisation de graines de soja entières est proscrite.
• Si le tourteau de soja est la principale matière première protéique pendant la période d'engraissement, la part du maïs doit être inférieure à 20 %. Dans le cas contraire, il n’est pas possible d'obtenir une viande maigre de haute qualité.

EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Soya beans are rich in protein with a valuable composition of amino acids but also contain anti-nutritive substances (trypsin inhibitors) and approximately 20 % fat, which can limit the applicability in organic pig husbandry.
What solution does the tool offer?:If soya beans are pressed and heat treated, the products can be used in organic feed rations for pigs. Critical points in ration planning must be considered to achieve a high meat quality.
Country:Austria
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Keywords:pigs, swine, feeding, ration planning, rations, animal husbandry, feedstuffs, feeds, soya, soybeans, legumes
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
swine
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7555
English
feeding
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2838
English
rations
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6461
English
animal husbandry
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8532
English
legumes
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4255
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Pigs
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net EcoFeed
European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net EcoFeed > OK-Net Ecofeed Tools
Austria > Other organizations
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:773911
Related Links:https://www.donausoja.org, https://orgprints.org/37897, https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/37897, https://www.facebook.com/organicfarmknowledge/photos/a.341364110046066/665594694289671, https://twitter.com/farm_knowledge/status/1257285940390834176
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:37897
Deposited On:30 Apr 2020 08:59
Last Modified:24 Nov 2020 13:33
Document Language:English, French/Francais
Status:Published

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