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{Tool} PRÆSENTATIONSHÅNDBOG MED ENKLE METODER TIL OPGØRELSE AF FUNKTIONEL BIODIVERSITET I ØKOLOGISKE FRUGTPLANTAGER. Creator(s): D'Yvoire, Caroline; WARLOP, FRANCOIS; Świergiel, Weronika; Porcel, Mario; Jacobsen, Stíne K. and Sigsgaard, Lene. Issuing Organisation(s): GRAB, France, SLU, Sweden, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. (2017)

[thumbnail of Metodehåndbog_2017_DK.pdf]
PDF - Danish/Dansk

Document available online at: http://ebionetwork.julius-kuehn.de/


Purpose of the monitoring methods:
 Familiarize producers with the simplified observation of beneficials
 Raise the awareness of producers to the natural regulations that are occurring in their orchards
 Engage the adaptation of plant protection practices in order to optimize these regulations
 When possible, observe the effect on biological control of agroecological infrastructures implemented in
the orchard over space and time
 The state of the art does not provide threshold values of natural enemies as decision support for
immediate pest management measures as pesticide application
Purpose of evaluation of monitoring techniques
- Co-define the criteria that have to be met so that the methods can be used by the farmers and advisors
- Refine the proposed protocols for the different methods : Determine the respective advantages and the flaws of
monitoring methods and their protocols and refine the protocols accordingly
- Bring out and build on the assessment of the farmers about the methods
Method :
Four monitoring methods have been selected by the EcoOrchard project after literature review and initial testing. Each
producer in the EBIONET network is offered to choose one or more monitoring method among the four presented in
this booklet and additional methods suggested by the stakeholders during the national workshops. The list with the additional methods are in the report of the workshop, the organizers should be available to provide protocols for these methods (for that purpose, it is possible to contact [put the name and contact of the national coordinator]). The
producers and advisors will apply the method(s) in the orchards they work in. The purpose is to familiarize with the monitoring of the main beneficials and to evaluate how user-friendly the methods and instructions are. The method can be tested in several ways :
 By comparing the results of a monitoring nearby an agroecological infrastructure (AEI - e.g. a composite
hedge, a flower strip, a water body, nest boxes etc) with the results of a control monitoring distant from any AEI
(cf. figure below),
 In an orchard which is managed with an agroecological practice, like reduced mowing,
 In order to follow the temporal evolution of arthropods at key moments of the season, like the arrival or the
peak of abundance of an insect (according to the life cycles of the aimed populations, cf. protocoles),
 To monitor the impact of a treatment on arthropods (observation before and after the treatment)
The chosen method will be used according to a sampling plan described in the sheets below.
If the methods are used to compare the presence of beneficials between two treatments (two separate zones of the same orchard or two different orchards), one being agroecological and the other being a control, it is important to make sure that the control is distant enough from any agroecological infrastructure that could confuse the result. Ideally the control should be at 50m distance of any AEI. Many factors impact the presence of insects in a plot (e.g. farming practices, landscape, variety and age of the trees), it is important to take this into account when comparing the results of monitoring that have been performed in different orchards.

EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Monitoring of functional agrobiodiversity in apple orchards
What solution does the tool offer?:A handbook for farms and advisors in monitoring functional agrobiodiversity in own orchards.
The tool help the farmer familiarize with the natural enemies in the orchard and aids the comparison of parts of the orchards, or effects of management changes such as the planting of a hedgerow, the sowing of a flower strip or other
Type of Practice Tool:Leaflets & guidelines, Books & reports
Theme:Pest and disease control
Keywords:agroecology, biodiversity, biological control, crop management, cropping system, fruit farming, horticulture, integrated pest management, management measures, natural enemy, organic farming, perennial crop
Agrovoc keywords:
pest control
beneficial insects -> useful insects
natural enemies
Subjects: Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Knowledge management > Education, extension and communication
Values, standards and certification > Evaluation of inputs
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic Plus > ECOORCHARD
Related Links:http://ebionetwork.julius-kuehn.de/
Deposited By: Sigsgaard, Assoc. Prof. Lene
ID Code:33701
Deposited On:07 Sep 2018 09:12
Last Modified:07 Sep 2018 09:12
Document Language:Danish/Dansk

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