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Participatory Plant Breeding Concept as Tool for Creating Adapted Varieties for Local Conditions

Konvalina, Petr; Capouchova, Ivana and Janovska, Dagmar (2018) Participatory Plant Breeding Concept as Tool for Creating Adapted Varieties for Local Conditions. In: Rahmann, Gerold; Olowe, Victor Idowu; Olabiyi, Timothy Ipoola; Azim, Khalid and Olugbenga, AdeOluwa (Eds.) Ecological and Organic Agriculture Strategies for Viable Continental and National Development in the Context of the African Union's Agenda 2063. Scientific Track Proceedings of the 4th African Organic Conference. November 5-8, 2018. Saly Portudal, Senegal, pp. 293-298.

[thumbnail of 50 Petr Konvalina Article.pdf] PDF - Published Version - English


Organic farming has been developing worldwide over the last few decades. However, the crucial problem has not been resolved yet – a lack of suitable varieties. It is a serious factor limiting this development. Breeding is a very demanding and expensive process; special varieties are not bred for the organic farming from many crops then. A concept called "participatory plant breeding“ (PPB) is a possibility for resolving this problem. It is based on a direct involvement and participation of a farmer in the breeding process. Undemanding and cheap breeding methods are chosen there – they do not require any special education or equipment from the farmers involved. Training and professional surveillance are sufficient there. One of PPB methods has been already used and tested in our climatic conditions – a selection. As far as various wheat species originating from the genetic resources are concerned, the most important production parameters of original seeds and seeds coming from plants selected repeatedly have been studied and evaluated. Production parameters are positive (number of spikes, yield). Some other characteristics (the genetically-conditioned ones) are neutral or of a minimum effect. Considering results of our research, PPB method is highly recommended for improving economic characteristics of less bred or completely inbred crops.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:organic farming, participatory plant breeding, varieties
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Research affiliation: Czech Republic > University of South Bohemia (JU)
International Conferences > 2018: 4th African Organic Conference
Related Links:http://www.afronet.bio/
Deposited By: Konvalina, Dr. Petr
ID Code:33227
Deposited On:23 Sep 2019 11:25
Last Modified:23 Sep 2019 11:25
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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