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Soybean silage (OK-Net Arable Practice abstract)

{Tool} Soybean silage (OK-Net Arable Practice abstract). [Trinciato integrale di soia.] Creator(s): Bortolussi, Stefano. Issuing Organisation(s): AIAB - Associazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica. OK-Net Arable Practice abstract, no. 043. (2018)

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Document available online at: https://orgprints.org/32951


Summary

Soybean silage can replace part of the lucerne hay or part of the lucerne silage.
Practical recommendations.
Observations and practical tips
• Best at the R6/R7 stage (full seed size for apical pods and beginning maturity for basal pods).
• Late harvests (stage R7/R8) promote good silage fermentation and preservation of the product; however, there is a loss of dry matter.
• If harvest occurs at stage R5/R6, use a swather to mow the soybean 24 to 48 hours prior to chopping (at around 35 % dry matter).
• Choose varieties with low levels of anti-nutritional factors.
• Increase seed rate to decrease stem diameter.
• Consider using a microbial inoculum to promote proper fermentation.


Summary translation

L’insilato di soia può sostituire una parte del fieno o dell’insilato di medica.
Raccomandazioni pratiche
Osservazioni e consigli pratici
• Insilare allo stadio R6-R7 (nelle varietà indeterminate: pieno riempimento dei baccelli apicali e inizio ingiallimento dei baccelli basali).
• Raccolte tardive (stadio R7/R8) favoriscono i processi fermentativi e la buona conservazione del prodotto.
• Valutare un breve pre-appassimento prima dell’insilamento in caso di raccolte precoci (stadio R5/R6)
• Valutare l’utilizzo di un inoculo microbico per favorire una corretta fermentazione.
• Utilizzare varietà a basso contenuto in fattori anti-nutrizionali.
• Aumentare la densità di semina per ridurre il diametro degli steli.

EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:It is not always easy to produce good quality lucerne hay. Moreover, there are not many alternatives among the different types of fodder with the necessary protein content. At the same time, when growing organic soybeans, weed control can be an issue.
What solution does the tool offer?:Growing soybeans: having a leguminous plant in the crop rotation is always beneficial, and harvesting it in advance in the form of silage allows you to obtain a quantity of fibre and protein comparable to lucerne. It also makes the presence of weeds (within certain limits) acceptable.
Country:Italy
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Theme:Crop specific
Keywords:legumes, protein crop, weed management
Keywords:arable farming, legumes, protein crop, weed management, legumes, feed crops
Agrovoc keywords:
Language
Value
URI
English
feed crops
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2829
English
weed control
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8345
English
legumes
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4255
English
crops
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1972
English
cropping systems
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1971
English
arable farming
http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_36528
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net Arable > OK-Net-Arable Tools
European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net Arable
International Organizations > International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements IFOAM > IFOAM EU Group
Italy > AIAB
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:652654
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/32951
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Basler, Andreas
ID Code:32951
Deposited On:24 Apr 2018 09:30
Last Modified:22 Mar 2021 09:56
Document Language:English, Italian/Italiano
Status:Published

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