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Autumn cover crops (OK-Net Arable Practice abstract)

{Tool} Autumn cover crops (OK-Net Arable Practice abstract). [Colture di copertura autunnali.] Creator(s): Bortolussi, Stefano. Issuing Organisation(s): AIAB - Associazione Italiana Agricoltura Biologica. OK-Net Arable Practice abstract, no. 040. (2018)

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PDF - English (Autumn cover crops)
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PDF - Italian/Italiano (Colture di copertura autunnali)

Document available online at: https://orgprints.org/32948

Summary in the original language of the document

Best results were reached with cereal mixtures that were produced on farm, such as barley and rye.
Practical recommendations
Observations and hints
• In Northern Italy, a mixture of barley and rye fits best in a wide range of situations.
• Sow as soon as possible after harvesting the summer crops.
• If the soil is not clean enough, a shallow soil labour can be applied. Otherwise, direct sowing is preferred.
• Including legumes in the mixture, such as vetch and/or faba beans, has been shown to be advantageous when the cover crop is sown in early September or October, and the succeeding crop is sown at the end of May.
• In case of early sowing by end of August, a cover crop consisting of only white mustard showed good results, especially in its decompacting ability, due to its taproot.
• The cover crop should be sown evenly. Areas with no seeds can promote weed growth.
• When possible, it is preferable to apply reduced tillage to prepare the seedbed in spring. Thus, the positive effects of the cover crop taproot system are preserved.

Summary translation

I migliori risultati si sono ottenuti con miscugli autoprodotti di cereali e leguminose come orzo, segale e veccia.
Raccomandazioni pratiche
Osservazioni e consigli pratici
• Per le latidutini del nord italia il miscuglio orzo e segale è risultato quello che meglio si adatta nel maggior numero di casi.
• Seminare appena possibile dopo la raccolta della coltura principale.
• Se il terreno non è pulito ricorrere ad una lavorazione superficiale, altrimenti è possibile una semina diretta.
• L’inserimento di una leguminosa – veccia e/o favino – nel miscuglio si è dimostrato vantaggioso se si verifica una delle seguenti condizioni: semina entro i primi di settembre oppure semina entro ottobre con la la coltura primaverile successiva seminata a fine maggio.
• Nel caso di semine precoci, entro fine agosto per gli areali settentrionali, si è dimostrata valida la senape bianca in purezza, per l’azione decompattante dell’apparato radicale a fittone eper l’effetto biofumigante.
• Seminare la coltura di copertura in modo uniforme. Le zone scoperte diventano zone di sviluppo per le infestanti.
• Ove possibile preferire lavorazioni superficiali per la preparazione del letto di semina in primavera, in modo da preservare l’azione svolta dall’apparato radicale dell‘intercalare.

EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:After harvesting summer crops (maize, soybean, sunflower, etc.) the soil remains bare until the following spring, which can lead to erosion and leaching.
What solution does the tool offer?:A possible solution is to drill cover crops that protect the soil before the arrival of winter frost and low temperatures.
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Theme:Soil quality and fertility, Weed management
Keywords:cover crop, soil fertility, weed management
Keywords:cover plants, soil quality, weed management, soil fertility, soil properties, arable farming
Agrovoc keywords:
cover plants
soil fertility
weed control
soil quality
soil fertility
arable farming
Subjects: Soil > Soil quality
Crop husbandry > Weed management
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net Arable > OK-Net-Arable Tools
European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net Arable
International Organizations > International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements IFOAM > IFOAM Organics Europe
Italy > AIAB
European Union > Organic Farm Knowledge
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:652654
Related Links:https://organic-farmknowledge.org/tool/32948
Project ID:ofk
Deposited By: Basler, Andreas
ID Code:32948
Deposited On:24 Apr 2018 08:41
Last Modified:02 May 2024 10:31
Document Language:English, Italian/Italiano

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