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Development of Organic Agriculture in Bulgaria (1990–2012): Actors, Relations, and Networks

Slavova, P.; Moschitz, H. and Georgieva, Z. (2016) Development of Organic Agriculture in Bulgaria (1990–2012): Actors, Relations, and Networks. Sociologia Ruralis. doi:10.1111/soru.12134, 57 (4), pp. 507-528.

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Document available online at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/soru.12134/full


This article analyses the development of organic agriculture (OA) in Bulgaria. It especially examines the actors, relations, and structures that shape organic sector policies. The Bulgarian case shows that sectorial agricultural policies can originate without the direct representation of farmers. Due to the dominance of consultancy NGOs and academic institutions in the policy network, OA first appeared as a political rather than as an economic or social and agricultural topic. However, this specificity contributed to the weak development of the organic sector in the country. Ultimately, farmers became engaged in the policy network for the benefit of the sector when the EU implemented organic subsidies. The article is based on both qualitative and quantitative data and applies the policy network approach as the analytical framework. Our analysis contributes to enriching this approach by exploring the role of the state in terms of both political willingness and administrative capacity and shows that in a post-socialist context, the policy outcome also depends on the synchronisation of these two roles of the state.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Organic agriculture, Bulgaria, rural sociology, Department of Socio-Economic Sciences
Agrovoc keywords:
organic agriculture
Subjects: Food systems > Community development
Food systems > Policy environments and social economy
"Organics" in general > Countries and regions > Bulgaria
Research affiliation: Bulgaria
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Society > Rural sociology
Deposited By: Moschitz, Heidrun
ID Code:32218
Deposited On:23 Oct 2017 20:35
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 13:53
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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