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Biogas potential from forbs and grass-clover mixture with the application of near infrared spectroscopy

Wahid, R; Ward, AJ; Møller, HB; Søegaard, K and Eriksen, J (2015) Biogas potential from forbs and grass-clover mixture with the application of near infrared spectroscopy. Bioresource Technology, 198, pp. 124-132.

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This study investigated the potentials of forbs; caraway, chicory, red clover and ribwort plantain as substrates for biogas production. One-, two- and four-cut systems were implemented and the influence on dry matter yields, chemical compositions and methane yields were examined. The two- and four-cut systems resulted in higher dry matter yields (kg [total solid, TS] ha-1) compared to the one-cut system. The effect of plant compositions on biogas potentials was not evident. Cumulative methane yields (LCH4 kg-1 [volatile solid, VS]) were varied from 279 to 321 (chicory), 279 to 323 (caraway), 273 to 296 (ribwort plantain), 263 to 328 (red clover) and 320 to 352 (grass-clover mixture), respectively. Methane yield was modelled by modified Gompertz equation for comparison of methane production rate. Near infrared spectroscopy showed potential as a tool for biogas and chemical composition prediction. The best prediction models were obtained for methane yield at 29 days (99 samples), cellulose, acid detergent fibre, neutral detergent fibre and crude protein, (R2 > 0.9).

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Research affiliation: Denmark > Organic RDD 2 > MultiPlant
Deposited By: Eriksen, Professor Jørgen
ID Code:31783
Deposited On:14 Aug 2017 09:05
Last Modified:14 Aug 2017 09:05
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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