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Empirical model for quantification of symbiotic nitrogen fixation in grass-clover mixtures

Høgh-Jensen, Henning; Loges, Ralf; Jensen, Erik Steen; Jørgensen, Finn V. and Vinther, Finn P. (2004) Empirical model for quantification of symbiotic nitrogen fixation in grass-clover mixtures. Agricultural Systems, 82, pp. 181-194.

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Symbiotically fixed nitrogen (N2) is an important input of nitrogen (N) source in many agricultural systems. In spite of this fact, the input of symbiotically fixed N to a particular cropping system is usually not known and exact measurements are costly and laborious. Consequently, there is a demand for an uncomplicated and reliable tool to estimate symbiotic N2 fixation (SNF) in leguminous crops. A simple emperical model is proposed for quantification of SNF in forage legumes under low external input conditions. The model estimates SNF using dry matter yield as input and parameters for (i)N concentration in dry matter and the (ii) proportion of the N in the legume that is derived from the atmosphere. Further, the model includes fixed N not included in the estimate of fixed N in aboveground plant tissue. Thus the model operates with parameters for (iii) the ratio of fixed N in below-ground plant tissue, (iv) the ratio of fixed N transferred below-ground to the grass, (v) the ratio of fixed N transferred to the grass through the grazing animals, and (vi) the ratio of fixed N immobilised to the soil organic pool by rhizodeposition. A general value for each parameter is suggested although the need for site-specific parameterisation is underlined.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:N2 fixation, legumes, empirical model, legume content, models, grass-legume mixtures
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Pasture and forage crops
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF I (1996-2001) > VI Synthesis of knowledge and researcher education
Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > I.13 (DINOG) Dinitrogen fixation and nitrous oxide losses in grass-clover pastures
Related Links:http://www.foejo.dk/forskning/foejoii/i13.html
Deposited By: Jensen, Dr Henning Høgh
ID Code:3085
Deposited On:17 Aug 2004
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:29
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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