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The effect of Penicillium bilaii on wheat growth and phosphorus uptake as a ected by soil pH, soil P and application of sewage sludge

Sánchez‐Esteva, Sara; Gómez‐Muñoz, Beatrice; Stoumann Jensen, Lars; Neergaard, Andreas de and Magid, Jakob (2016) The effect of Penicillium bilaii on wheat growth and phosphorus uptake as a ected by soil pH, soil P and application of sewage sludge. Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture, 3 (21), pp. 1-11.

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Document available online at: https://chembioagro.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40538-016-0075-3


Background: Penicillium bilaii may enhance P availability to plants, since it has been shown to increase plant growth and P uptake. There is currently increasing interest in using microorganisms to promote P mobilisation from organic P sources. An investigation was conducted to determine the e ects of P. bilaii on P uptake and growth of wheat in the presence and absence of sewage sludge. Two soils di ering in P contents and pH were used, as it was hypothesised that these a ect the e ciency of P mobilisation.
Methods: A pot experiment, in which wheat was grown for 35 days in a moderately acidic soil of low P status and a calcareous soil of moderate P status, was conducted. A full factorial design was used with two non‐sterilised soils, three amendments [control, sewage sludge and triple superphosphate (TSP)] and two P. bilaii treatments (with/ without). Shoot and root length, biomass and nutrient contents were analysed in plant, whereas soil samples were analysed for water‐extractable P and soil pH.
Results: The shoot length and root biomass of wheat were signi cantly higher when sewage sludge was applied in combination with P. bilaii seed inoculation, in the moderately acidic soil. In contrast, shoot length and biomass and root biomass were higher with P. bilaii compared to the control, but no synergistic e ects of P. bilaii and the organic P source were observed in the calcareous soil. A systematic, but not signi cant increase in total P uptake was found for all treatments inoculated with P. bilaii and for both soils, with the control of the low fertility moderately acidic soil being a notable exception.
Conclusions: Sewage sludge was seen to be an e cient P source, on par with TSP in the moderately acidic soil. In the calcareous soil, the P. bilaii treatments without added P fertilisers had the greatest e ect, with both root and shoot biomass increasing signi cantly.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:P. bilaii, Sewage sludge, Phosphorus solubilisation, Wheat, Acidic soil, Calcareous soil, Improve-P, CoreOrganic2
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Soil > Nutrient turnover
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic II > IMPROVE-P
Denmark > KU - University of Copenhagen
Related Links:http://coreorganic2.org/
Deposited By: Magid, Assoc. Prof. Jakob
ID Code:30704
Deposited On:01 Nov 2016 11:45
Last Modified:01 Nov 2016 11:45
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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