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Optimising Subsidiary Crop Applications in Rotations (OSCAR): A Perspective for the North Africa Region

Udupa, S.M.; Elhaddoury, J.; Krimi Bencheqroun, S.; Thami-Alami, I.; Henkrar, F.; Baresel, J.P. and Finckh, M.R. (2012) Optimising Subsidiary Crop Applications in Rotations (OSCAR): A Perspective for the North Africa Region. In: Second edition of the international congress: "Microbial Biotechnology for Development".

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Background: For sustainable improvement of wheat-based farming systems in the North Africa, there is a need to improve plant health, soil health and fertility. One approach to achieve this is by integrating subsidiary crops (SC) as living or dead mulches or cover crops with the main crops in rotations, which will increase plant species and microbial diversity and reducing water demand in dry climates.
Methods: A collaborative research project funded by EU FP 7 (Project No. 289277) was initiated in April 2012, in partnership with European Union (public research organizations and private sector small and medium enterprises of Germany, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, the Netherland, UK, Poland, Switzerland and Italy), Brazil and Morocco (INRA-Morocco and ICARDA), in order to enhance understanding and use of SC systems, develop suitable farm technologies, increase the range of SC species, and enhance understanding of impact of SC on soil ecology, biology and microbial diversity and crop pests and diseases.
Results: Based on two field experiments in Morocco (Sidi AI-Aidi and Sidi Allal-Tazi), the project will assess the economic and ecological impact including legume root health and soil health, fertility and microbial diversity and compare the results with other sites in Europe. Screening of new species and genotypes will result in identification of range of potentially useful plant species for SC for the North Africa and Europe. The identified SC species will be tested for their potential as forage and for extraction of useful biochemicals.
Conclusion: The results of the project as a whole will be of use for and improve sustainability in low-input, organic, and conventional farming systems in the North Africa, Latin America and Europe.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Keywords:Conservation agriculture, cover crops, forage legumes
Agrovoc keywords:
cover crop
forage legumes
Conservation tillage
Subjects: Soil
Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
Research affiliation: Morocco
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:289277
Deposited By: Udupa, Dr Sripada M.
ID Code:29915
Deposited On:30 Mar 2016 11:20
Last Modified:30 Mar 2016 11:20
Document Language:English
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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