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The threat of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) to organic agriculture: A case study update

Paull, John (2015) The threat of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) to organic agriculture: A case study update. Agriculture & Food, 3, pp. 56-63.

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PDF - Published Version - English
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.


Document available online at: http://www.scientific-publications.net/en/article/1000653/


This paper examines the threat posed by genetically modified organisms (GMOs) to organic certification. In the case of Marsh v Baxter an organic farm in Western Australia is contaminated by GMO material including seeds and seed pods blown from a neighbouring farm and the organic certification is lost. This paper presents a five-year chronology of events and the processes, outcomes and costs of seeking legal redress, of proving negligence and/or nuisance, and of seeking damages and an injunction to constrain the GMO farmer. Damages are agreed at A$85,000 (€60,000) while legal costs are in the region of A$2,000,000 (€1,400,000) to date.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:canola, GM canola, Roundup Ready canola, RR canola, swathe, Australia, Kojonup, Supreme Court, Appeals Court, Monsanto, WA Pastoralists and Graziers Association (PGA), Steve Marsh, Susan Marsh, Michael Baxter
Subjects:"Organics" in general
Farming Systems
Values, standards and certification > Regulation
Research affiliation:Australia > University of Tasmania
Related Links:http://www.slideshare.net/johnpaull/paull2015marshv-baxter, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R38_gnGPOM8, https://orgprints.org/28525/7/28525.pdf, https://orgprints.org/26549/7/26549.pdf, https://orgprints.org/13485/1/13485.pdf
Deposited By: Paull, Dr John
ID Code:29110
Deposited On:08 Jul 2015 12:15
Last Modified:08 Jul 2015 12:15
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:A version of this paper was delivered by the author as the invited keynote address at the Agriculture & Food 2015 conference held at Elenite, Bulgaria, 1-6 June, 2015.
The slides of the keynote presentation are available at: http://www.slideshare.net/johnpaull/paull2015marshv-baxter.
The YouTube of the keynote address 'Organic vs GMOs - A case study' can be viewed at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R38_gnGPOM8

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