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Non-compliance in organic farming: A cross-country comparison of Italy and Germany

Gambelli, Danilo; Solfanelli, Francesco; Zanoli, Raffaele; Zorn, Alexander; Lippert, Christian and Dabbert, Stephan (2014) Non-compliance in organic farming: A cross-country comparison of Italy and Germany. Food Policy. [In Press]

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Document available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2014.05.012


This paper describes the Italian and German organic certification systems, including the institutions involved and the definitions of non-compliance and sanctions. Although they are both implementations of the same EU regulatory framework, these systems differ in many respects. Case study data from control bodies on non-compliance and sanctions are presented and analysed using binary choice models. This analysis shows that the occurrence of slight non-compliance and greater farm acreage are significant risk factors that explain severe non-compliance in both countries. However, to implement an efficient risk-based inspection system in the future, the data collection process must be improved and extended to examine personal attributes of farmers and operators.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Organic certification, Non-compliance, Risk analysis, Italy, Germany
Agrovoc keywords:
Subjects: Values, standards and certification > Regulation
Research affiliation: European Union > CertCost
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:207727
Deposited By: Solfanelli, Dr. Francesco
ID Code:27763
Deposited On:14 Nov 2014 13:48
Last Modified:14 Nov 2014 13:48
Document Language:English
Status:In Press
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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