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Quantity versus quality and profit versus values ? Do these inherent tensions inevitably play in organic farming?

Sautereau, Natacha; Géniaux, Ghislain; Bellon, Stéphane; Petitgenet, Morgane and Lepoutre, Jérôme (2010) Quantity versus quality and profit versus values ? Do these inherent tensions inevitably play in organic farming? Innovation and Sustainable Development in Agriculture and Food (ISDA), Montpellier, France, 28 june - 1st July 2010.

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The literature shows that the systems advocating the productivity relatively neglect the ecological services whereas those based on these services, as Organic Farming (OF), are generally less productive. Which balance between these two issues should be found and would contribute to a sustainable agriculture? OF as a value-laden agriculture, whose principles are based on ecology, equity, health and care appears as a candidate for combining performances. In the first section we show results at farm level on environmental and agro-economic performances. In the second section, we underline the challenges facing OF to confirm its prototype’s position. OF as a heterogeneous entity presents different types of trade-offs between the performances. Some performances need an up-scaling approach to be confirmed. This up-scaling enables also a more global assessment integrating the externalities of conventional farming that OF tends to internalize. Finally we conclude that other criteria should also be considered to better take into account the values and the long terms sustainability, because the contemporary systems have been constructed on optimizing productivity and maximization of short terms yields.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Other
Keywords:agro-economy, performances, agroecology, values
Subjects: Farming Systems
Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Research affiliation: France > Agribio
France > INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
Related Links:http://www6.inra.fr/comite_agriculture_biologique/Les-recherches/Par-thematique/Developpement-AB/EPAB
Deposited By: PENVERN, Servane
ID Code:27605
Deposited On:22 Oct 2014 14:38
Last Modified:22 Oct 2014 14:38
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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