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The Role of Mulching with Residues of two Medicinal Plants on Weed Diversity in Maize

Kamariari, Iliana; Papastylianou, Panagiota; Bilalis, Dimitrios; Travlos, Ilias and Kakabouki, Ioanna (2014) The Role of Mulching with Residues of two Medicinal Plants on Weed Diversity in Maize. In: Rahmann, G. and Aksoy, U. (Eds.) Building Organic Bridges, Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut, Braunschweig, Germany, 2, Thuenen Report, no. 20, pp. 567-570.

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In the present study, there were studied the effects of mulch with the residues of two aromatic and medicinal plants (Sideritis scardica Griseb and Echinacea purpurea) on weed flora and first growth of a maize crop. A field and a pot experiment were conducted at Agricultural University of Athens. In particular, the field experiment was conducted under organic conditions, while in the pot experiment special attention was paid to the first growth of maize plants under the effect of plant residues. Our results showed that there was a significant effect of plant residues on weed flora. The incorporation of Sideritis sp. residues resulted to a lower number of different weed species (low richness) and an intense effect on most weed species. During the early growth stages of maize there was a satisfactory control of the broadleaf weeds after the incorporation of S. scardica, resulting to a significantly lower biomass. However, this effect progressively disappeared, with E. purpurea mulch progressively showing a higher phytotoxic activity. The pot experiment revealed that there was not any negative effect of mulching on maize seed germination, emergence and early growth.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Keywords:aromatic and medicinal plants, residues, allelopathy, weed control
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Crop husbandry > Weed management
Research affiliation: Greece > Agricultural University of Athens (AUA)
International Conferences > 2014: 18th IFOAM OWC Scientific Track: 4th ISOFAR Scientific Conference
Deposited By: Bilalis, Prof Dimitrios
ID Code:23911
Deposited On:30 Oct 2014 11:57
Last Modified:30 Oct 2014 11:58
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:urn:nbn:de:gbv:253-201407-dn053621-1

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