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Organic livestock production in Uganda: potentials, challenges and prospects

Nalubwama Muwanga, Sylvia; Vaarst, Mette and Anthony, Mugisha (2011) Organic livestock production in Uganda: potentials, challenges and prospects. Trop Anim Health Production, 43, pp. 749-757.

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Development in organic farming has been stim- ulated by farmers and consumers becoming interested in healthy food products and sustainable environment. Organ- ic agriculture is a holistic production management system which is based on the principles of health, ecology, care, and fairness. Organic development in Uganda has focused more on the crop sector than livestock sector and has primarily involved the private sector, like organic products export companies and non-governmental organizations. Agriculture in Uganda and many African countries is predominantly traditional, less mechanized, and is usually associated with minimum use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and drugs. This low external input agriculture also referred to as “organic by default” can create basis for organic farming where agroecological methods are intro- duced and present an alternative in terms of intensification to the current low-input/low-output systems. Traditional farming should not be confused with organic farming because in some cases, the existing traditional practices have consequences like overstocking and less attention to soil improvement as well as to animal health and welfare, which is contrary to organic principles of ecology, fairness, health, and care. Challenges of implementing sustainable organic practices in the Ugandan livestock sector threaten its future development, such as vectors and vector-borne diseases, organic feed insufficiency, limited education, research, and support to organic livestock production. The
prospects of organic livestock development in Uganda can be enhanced with more scientific research in organic livestock production under local conditions and strength- ening institutional support.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords: Organic agriculture, Organic livestock production, Uganda
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems > Dairy cattle
Animal husbandry > Health and welfare
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Pigs
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Poultry
Research affiliation: Denmark > AU - Aarhus University > AU, DJF - Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
International Projects > Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark - DANIDA > Productivity and Growth in Organic Value-chains (ProGrOV)
DOI:DOI 10.1007/s11250-011-9780-x
Deposited By: Nalubwama Muwanga, Sylvia
ID Code:22890
Deposited On:30 Jan 2015 10:59
Last Modified:30 Jan 2015 10:59
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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