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Response of Root Properties to Tripartite Symbiosis between Lucerne (Medicago sativa L.), Rhizobia and Mycorrhiza Under Dry Organic Farming Conditions

Ardakani, M. Reza; Pietsch, Gabriele; Moghaddam, Ali; Raza, Amir and Friedel, Juergen K. (2009) Response of Root Properties to Tripartite Symbiosis between Lucerne (Medicago sativa L.), Rhizobia and Mycorrhiza Under Dry Organic Farming Conditions. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 4 (4), pp. 266-277.

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It is generally considered that root turnover is a major contributor to organic matter and mineral nutrient cycles in organic managed agroecosystems. Approach: This study designed to investigate whether microbial activity could affect on root properties of lucerne in an organically managed field under dry weather conditions. The trial was laid out as a factorial experiment in the fields of the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna-Austria at Raasdorf in 2007. The experimental factors of Sinorhizobium meliloti and arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) including Glomus etunicatum, G. intraradices and G. claroideum and irrigation levels were tested. Results: Results showed that increasing water deficit affected root dry weigh, specific root mass and root length significantly at 1% level and co-inoculation of rhizobium and mycorrhiza with irrigation could increase all root parameters. Data’s of variance analysis for mycorrhizal colonization showed that main effect of using mycorrhiza had significant effects on root parameters at 5% and 1% probability level in first and second harvest, respectively. Results of mean comparisons by Duncan’s multiple range test showed that mycorrhizal colonization was higher in the inoculated treatments by rhizobium , mycorrhiza and irrigated plots in both harvests. Double interaction of mycorrhiza and irrigation was higher in both harvests (37.05% and 65.73%, respectively). Conclusion: Hence, it can be suggested that the tripartite symbiosis of S. meliloti, AM and lucerne can improve the performance of lucerne in organic farming and under dry conditions. Such traits could be incorporated into breeding programs to improve drought tolerance especially in organic fields.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Lucerne, root properties, mycorrhizal symbiosis, rhizobium, organic farming
Agrovoc keywords:
Subjects:"Organics" in general
Research affiliation:Austria > Univ. BOKU Wien > Sustainable Agr. Systems - IfÖL
Deposited By: Ardakani, Professor M.Reza
ID Code:22506
Deposited On:18 Apr 2013 13:06
Last Modified:22 Apr 2013 08:41
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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